In 1993 Iran became the second country in the Middle East to be connected to the Internet, and since then the government has made significant efforts to improve the nation's ICT infrastructure.


The Internet is increasingly used in Iran. It has become a means of access to information and free expression among the young population. Iran is also the fourth country in the world by the number of bloggers.

In 1993 Iran became the second country in the Middle East to be connected to the Internet, and since then the government has made significant efforts to improve the nation's ICT infrastructure.

Country code (domain name): .ir
 

Web access in Iran

Internet is widely available in Iran, at least in big cities, where cybercafes are easily found. mpst of hotels are equipped with wi-fi, but sometimes paying, or computer free access. Villages, on the other hand, are not always connected to the web, as in Masuleh for example, where you have to go down to Fuman, half an hour away, to find a coffeenet.


The coffeenets, the Iranian cybercafes

Iran has a considerable number of coffees. They are not always visible because often located on the floors or small side streets, where rents are cheaper. But you only have to inquire.

Their computers are usually equipped with Windows 7 or Windows XP and software are in English language, including Photoshop which is quite common. Keyboards are often with Roman characters.


Internet connection speeds

In general, connections are slow, especially in upload. In the cybercafes, they are stable, but there might be problems in some hotels where the connection drop sometimes.


Censorship

 

Blocking pages censored in Iran




Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and many other sites are blocked in Iran. When we try to access it, we are redirected on the page above, which redirects to the site at the top of the page. There are, however, IP address anonymizer plugins that can bypass censorship and connect to it. However, they slow down the connection considerably.

"National internet"

Since 2005 the Iranian government has been developing a "national Internet" to tighten its control over content as well as increasing speed.The project, which is separate from the world wide web, will be completed by 2017. This network will be separated from the rest of the internet, specifically for domestic use. Creating such a network, similar to one used by North Korea would prevent unwanted information from outside of Iran getting into the closed system, such as with an intranet network. Myanmar and Cuba also use similar systems.[50] Iran has announced that all government ministries and state bodies will be available through the secure "national information network" (NIN).