Museum of Contemporary Art of Tehran
Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art also known as TMoCA, is among the largest art museums in Iran. It has collections of more than 3000 items that include 19th and 20th century's world-class European and American paintings, prints, drawings and sculptures. TMoCA also has one of the greatest collections of Iranian modern and contemporary art.
The Museum of Contemporary Art in Tehran (Persian: موزه هنرهاى معاصر تهران) is a museum of contemporary art located near the Laleh Park in Tehran, Iran. It is in this museum that the largest collections of Western contemporary art are preserved outside Europe and the United States.
The museum was designed by Kamran Diba and was inaugurated in 1977. The museum building has an area of 5,000 m² and is located in the center of a garden of about 7,000 m² known as the Garden of Sculptures, in which are arranged sculptures of Iranian and foreign artists.
The architecture of the museum is intended to be an example of contemporary Iranian architecture, which has been inspired by elements of traditional Iranian architecture.
Above the main entrance are four vertical semi-arch elements, which serve to provide light to the inner atrium. These elements are reminders of badgir, the traditional wind towers of cities along the desert. Other similar elements are used throughout the building.
The different parts of the building form rectangular masses of raw concrete. The roof elements are covered with copper panels.
The first room, called Chāhār-su ("four paths") surrounds a spacious atrium and provides access to other parts of the museum (second room, sculpture garden, bookshop and café). A circular central ramp provides access to a lower floor, providing access to offices and the library. From the second room, on the lower floor, one can access the other seven rooms by a downhill path which ends near the descending ramp from the atrium.
In the center of the atrium is a rectangular basin, inspired by howz of Iranian architecture.
Organization and collections
The Museum of Contemporary Art in Tehran is divided into different departments:
the Department of Administrative Affairs, which coordinates the activities of the entire museum;
the Department of Arts Affairs, which organizes the conservation of works and exhibitions;
the office of guides and guards, who train the guides and guards;
the public relations department, which deals with relations with other museums and with the public;
the exhibition and archives department is responsible for the museum's works;
the department of photography, which keeps the photographs of the museum and manages the photographs of the works of the museum.
There are works by Claude Monet, Camille Pissarro, van Gogh, James Ensor, Edouard Vuillard, André Dunoyer of Segonzac, Jules Pascin, André Derain, Louis Valtat, Georges Rouault, Fernand Léger, Pablo Picasso, Alberto Giacometti and Francis Bacon, Max Ernst, Rene Magritte, George Grosz, Diego Rivera, Jasper Johns, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Jim Phillips, James Rosenquist, Fritz Winter, Joan Miró, Victor Vasarely, Adolph Gottlieb, Richard Hamilton, Georges Braque, Jean-Paul Riopelle, Edvard Munch, Pierre Soulages, Edgar Degas, Mary Prestergast, František Kupka, Max Beckmann, James Whistler, Giorgio Morandi, Giacomo Balla and Marcel Duchamp.
Also in the museum are works by contemporary Iranian artists such as Aydin Aghdashloo, Parviz Tanavoli, Bahman Mohassess, Ahmad Esfandiari ...
Garden of sculptures
The Garden of Sculptures is an outdoor space forming part of the museum complex which serves as an exhibition site for various sculptures:
"The Therapist" by René Magritte;
"A man and a woman" by Alberto Giacometti;
"Horse and Rider" by Marino Marini;
"Capricorn" by Max Ernst and others.