Abyaneh, a small village with ocher colors
Characterized by a peculiar reddish hue, the village is one of the oldest in Iran, attracting numerous native and foreign tourists year-round, especially during traditional feasts and ceremonies.
It is one of the oldest villages in Iran, at least 1500 years old, perched at 2235 m, in the middle of the mountains, 77 km from Kashan.
After a day spent exploring these architectural wonders and a good night's rest, I recommend you take a local guide to Abyaneh, a small village at the bottom of a valley 70 km away. The road will take you past the nuclear site of Natanz, remember not to take a picture to avoid trouble ... Arrived in the village, you will discover another way to adapt the architecture to the environment. On the side of steep hills, the villagers, who had settled there since antiquity, under the ruins of the Sassanid flank overhanging them, had to build their houses by making the courtyard of a dwelling the roof of the dwelling below. The ocher color of the walls makes the particularity of this village known throughout the country. The other peculiarity lies in the clothes of his women, who wear long white veils covered with colored flowers.
The inhabitants of Abyaneh were among the last in Iran to adopt Islam, having adhered in the past centuries to the Zoroastrian faith. At the top of the village still survives the ruins of a Sasanian fort. There are also ruins of a temple of Zoroastrian fire that the inhabitants believe have been dedicated to the goddess Anahita.
The inhabitants have maintained their culture, customs and costumes. They wear clothes that are believed to have been worn in the Sassanian period (224-651) and speak a dialect that is believed to have been the language of ancient Persia, the Persian Sassanian language.
Abyaneh has preserved a mosque dating from the Seljuk period (1038-1118), a Jameh mosque (Friday). who kept his pulpit (minbar). And an Ilkhanide mosque (1256-1335) with two floors.
The village has mausoleums dedicated to Isa and Yahya, two descendants of the Prophet of Islam, which are places of popular pilgrimage.
Women's traditional costume
The traditional Abyaneh women's costume consists of a knee-length skirt, handcrafted and colored cotton socks, traditional shoes called Giza and a floral scarf that falls below the waist .
Abyaneh's men (but we have not seen them!) Wear a long coat called Qaba with a large wraparound silk belt on loose black pants, which embroidered cuffs for single men and plains for married men.
The meager incomes of the inhabitants are derived mainly from a mountain farming made difficult by the configuration of places, and the sale to tourists of local products and crafts. A real, inexpensive animal tractor, the donkey is used for all sorts of tasks on steep trails that are unfit for motorized vehicles.
Aware of the heritage value of the village, which is one of the oldest in the country, the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran has since 1995 launched a program to restore houses, some of which are in poor condition, Archaeological excavations.