It is the largest raw brick building in the world after the Bam Citadel, which was severely damaged after the 2003 earthquake.


The Iranian citadel of Rayen (arg-e Rayen),
the second largest raw brick building in the world


Located in southwestern Iran, this citadel made of raw brick occupies a surface of 2,000 m². It is the largest raw brick building in the world after the Bam Citadel, which was severely damaged after the 2003 earthquake. It is located in the present-day town of Rayen in Kerman Province. It looks like the citadel of Bam and is at the top of a hill. The presence of this citadel is a proof of the existence of the city of Rayen before Islam, and goes back to the Sassanid era. There were even older citadels in the area, which however were destroyed as a result of natural disasters over the centuries. The citadel of Rayen is part of the fortresses of Governor Mirza Hossein Khan at the time of Nader Shah Afshar and his son Mohammad Ali Khan. After the overthrow of the Zand dynasty by Mohammad Khan Qajar, it was inhabited by one of the descendants of Mirza Hossein Khan named Mir Hosseini. Some members of this family still live in this city or Kerman.

The citadel is almost square in shape, and contains several towers with serrated edges. It is surrounded by a wall of more than ten meters high. The only entrance to the citadel is to the east, where you can admire a beautiful door. The citadel contained a mosque, a bazaar, a part reserved for the habitat in winter and summer, a river, houses reserved for the elite and others for the population.