Studies on mineral waters in Iran did not begin until the second half of the 20th century. They were often the work of tourists or foreign scientists who, taking samples with them, examined them in the laboratories of their respective countries


Studies on mineral waters in Iran did not begin until the second half of the 20th century. They were often the work of tourists or foreign scientists who, taking samples with them, examined them in the laboratories of their respective countries.

Some ancient Iranian kings were interested in the uses of mineral waters, and proofs of this interest appear particularly in the works that came to us from the Safavid and Qajar periods.

In Iran, it was in 1907 that the first scientific research concerning the properties of mineral waters was carried out and four years later, in 1911, the exploitation of the first mineral water source was launched in the north-east of Tehran. In 1949, a project of the Program Organization initiated the study of the mineral waters of Mahallat and Ardebil.

Only about sixty countries in the world have mineral springs and Iran is very rich in this matter since each province has a diversified range.

 

The source of Qadamgah, Neyshabour

Qadamgah is a region in eastern Iran, along a section of the Neyshbour to Mashhad road. It would be called Qadamgah, which means in Persian "the walk" because of the discovery in this region of some footprints printed in the rock that is said to be the mark of the feet of the eighth Imam.

This region is also famous for its two major springs, one of which springs right at the edge of the ancient road that connects the cities of western Iran to the city of Mashhad. The second springs a kilometer further inland. The first source serves in particular to meet the water needs of the inhabitants of the region, while the second, in view of its strategic position, is used to irrigate agricultural land. These two sources of drinking water both spring from a clay soil, rich in iron and alluvial.

These alluviums which have developed in a vast plain have taken, with the passage of time, the form of small hills hollowed out by valleys eroded by the external waters.

The healing properties of Qadamgah spring waters are also very famous: they facilitate digestion, have a laxative effect, and solve the problems related to the presence of stones in the bladder.

 

The thermal water of Khalkhal


The Khalkhal Hot Spring is located 22 km northwest of Harv-Abad and 96 km from Myaneh. The surroundings of the spring are covered with limestone and volcanic stones of porphyry andesite.

Water gushes from the ground a few meters from the road.

The water of the Khalkhal baths is of the bicarbonated type and the sodium of this sparkling water is effective in the treatment of articular and nervous diseases.
The source of Hosseyn-Abad de Raien, Kerman

This spring is located 33 km northwest of Raien in Kerman. The alluvial sediments of the 4th geological era, abundant in the vicinity of Kerman, offer to this source important mineral properties. The water of this spring, whose composition resembles the Vichy mineral waters, is of the bicarbonate-sodium type. It facilitates digestion by alkalizing the stomach and improves the functioning of the pancreas and liver.

 

 


The source of Yalleh Gonbad - Qazvin



Yalleh Gonbad is one of the hamlets of Ghaghazane village of Zia-Abad region in the province of Ghazvin, located northwest of the city of Ghazvin. The source of Yalleh Gonbad is fifteen kilometers from the hamlet, in a region difficult to access and lacking modern communication routes. The path that leads to the Yalleh Gonbad thermal baths is actually a fairly steep and dangerous mountain trail. Yalleh Gonbad's water gushes out at the intersection of a valley and, eventually forming a brook, flows into the Shahroud River. It is the existence of inverted faults in the valley that allows this spring to spring from the ground. The north of the valley is formed by volcanic rocks and the south limestone rocks. The springs of this spring are sometimes close to each other, which allowed the inhabitants to collect this water in large pools.

The water of the Yalleh Gonbad spring is of the bicarbonated-calcium iron type. Very hot, it has calming properties due to the existence of carbon dioxide. This water is effective in the treatment of nervous, articular, gastric and intestinal diseases, but also in the treatment of trophic disorders.


The source of Shah (Cheshmeh Shah)



This spring is located north of the Sih-Ku mountains and south of Garmsar. Siah-Kûh is a volcanic mountain range and alluvial sediments surround this spring.
The source of A'lla

This spring is located 4 km north of the city of Damavand. The surroundings of this spring are covered with alluvial sediments and hard and dolomitic lime dating back to the Quaternary era.

The water from this source is a light, cold and drinkable calcium bicarbonate.

 


Sareeyn - Ardebil



The thermal springs of Sareeyn are located 30 km east of Ardebil, south of Mount Sabalan. These sources have a very abundant flow and are known for their healing properties since ancient times.

According to the geological map developed by the Iranian National Petroleum Company, Sareeyn springs sprang up from the alluvial soil of the region at the end of the third geological cycle or at the beginning of the Quaternary era.

Water sheets and deep-water veins run beneath the recent alluvial sediments of volcanic organizations surrounding Sabalan.

The water of the spa of Sareeyn is also of the type of bicarbonated water-sodium and chlorinated-calcium.

This water has many therapeutic virtues, and is particularly effective in healing joint and nerve pain.