Traveling across Iran by train is not only a cost-effective option, but also a recommended mode of travel.


Traveling across Iran by train is not only a cost-effective option, but also a recommended mode of travel.
Iran is a large country and there are wide variety of landscapes. By travel on land, you can enjoy the beautiful view. Just imagine that you are travelling with an appropriate speed, looking to the green hills, sandy deserts! A heaven!
moreover,  trains will allow you access to destinations that might not be accessible by planes.

The use of trains in Iran goes back to the late 19th century but it wasn’t until 1939, when the Trans-Iranian Railway connecting the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf was established, that train travel took off and propelled Iran into the 20th century, bringing about swift industrial advancements.
Iran has a standard track gauge, facilitating connections westward toward Turkey, and by extension Europe.

 

 

Railway Network in Iran and its map
The length of Iran’s railroad network, including sidetracks, double-tracks, and electric tracks, is over 13,300 kilometers. however, Tehran is the main transport hub, with the vast majority of railroad routes extending from the sprawling metropolis, which is conveniently located in north-central Iran.
Thanks to the old Trans-Iranian Railway, southern and northern regions have been part of the national railway network for almost a century. However, western and eastern part of Iran are gaining access to the network gradually. Mashhad serves as the main hub in the east, but the west is quite a way behind in terms of railway development and is playing catch-up.

Iran Railway Map

 

Since the 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and world powers, transportation industry is open to foreign investment, and while the rail transport has taken a backseat to air travel.


Train types and quality
The sector’s current capacity is unable to meet increasing demands. According to the official reports, the country needs around 28,000 wagons to comfortably satisfy the demand.
The table outlines all type of trains in operation in Iran, complete with useful information such as class type.

 

Prices and timetable
In Iran, Train ticket prices vary based on the type of train and route. The table below shows ticket prices and train frequency on some popular routes. Note that the prices have calculated based on market exchange rate of €1 = 48,400 rials.


Ticket booking
If you can read Farsi and you have a Tourist Card – a debit card offered by select banks to tourists only – you can book your train online at the official websites of Iranian railway network, Raja and Safir Rail. A number of privately-owned travel companies sell tickets online as well. However, the majority of foreign travelers don’t know Persian language and can’t read Farsi. In that case, you can either go to a travel agency or if ask you hotel reception desk to see if they can book your tickets.

 

 


Some General rules
Every country has its own rules and codes. Even most regulations are shared globally, some are unique. Here, we tried to provide key points to remember when you are traveling by train in Iran.
•    Iran’s governed by Islamic laws. while regulations aren’t as strict as most other Islamic countries in the region, they should be respected. Men must avoid wearing sleeveless tops and shorts. Women have to ensure their hair is at least partially covered and wear loose-fitting clothes.
•    Keep your train ticket on you for the entire duration of the ride. Losing the ticket while you’re still on the train can cause problem. Children under the age of 12 do not need tickets.
•    You can carry up to 30 kilograms of carry-on without paying for excess baggage. Don’t forget that dimension (height, width, and length) of a bag must not exceed 40 centimeters. Larger have to be checked in.