The culture of Iran, a vast country in southwestern Asia, first refers to the observable cultural practices of its inhabitants (83,000,000, estimate 2017).


The culture of Iran, a vast country in southwestern Asia, first refers to the observable cultural practices of its inhabitants (83,000,000, estimate 2017).

The first sentence of the eminent Iranian Richard Nelson Frye's latest book on Iran is:

"The glory of Iran has always been its culture. (Greater Iran, xi)

This culture has manifested itself in various facets throughout the history of Iran. The main elements of Iranian culture are: Persian language and Iranian mythology, derived from Zoroastrian and Mithra worship, Islam in its Shiite form mainly, as well as all Kurdish art, poetry and literature, Kurdish Azeri.

languages

Languages ​​in Iran, Languages ​​of Iran
Afshar (language), Arabic, Mesopotamian Arabic, Armenian, Azeri
Balochi, Bashkardi, Biyabuneki, Brahoui, Dialects State
Farizandi, Gilaki, Gurani, Hazara (dialect)
Kashkai, Khaladj, Kurdish, Kurmanji
Lasgerdi, Lori (language), Mazandarani, Eastern Neo-Aramaic
Parthe (language), Persian, Iranian Persian
Semnani, Sivandi, Sonqor, Sorani, Soureth, Sourkhei
Talysh (tongue), Khorasan Turk, Yarandi, Zazaki

The Iranian language is an Indo-European language - influenced by Arabic in its vocabulary - which has been used continuously for 2,500 years. it is part of the subgroup of Iranian languages.

Religion (s)
Religion in Iran, Religion in Iran
Islam in Iran (98%), Shiism (89-90%, including Twelver Shiism), Sunnism (5-9%, around 7,000,000)

Sufism: brotherhoods (tariqa) ​​Safavieh, Nematollahi, Naqshbandiyya

Holidays
The Hejri-Sjamsi Calendar is the Iranian calendar, developed by Omar Khayyam. Traditional Iranian festivals are spread throughout the year:
Noruz, Iranian new year, at the spring equinox (usually March 21st), Hajji Firuz, Amu Nowruz (en)
Sizdah bedar, Day thirteenth day, the thirteenth day of the year (usually April 2)
Jashn-e Tirgan (Feast of the water)
Jashn-e Sadeh (Fire Festival)
Jashn-e Mehregan (Autumn Festival)
Shab-e Yalda (Winter Festival)
Chaharshanbeh suri, Wednesday's festival, the last Wednesday of the year

Persian mythology
Mythology of the Avesta - Persian mythology is mainly contained in the Avesta and in the traditional books pehlevis.

The best collection of ancient Persian mythology is contained in Firdoussi's Book of Kings, written more than a thousand years ago. Most information about the ancient Persian gods can be found in the religious texts of Zoroaster such as the Avesta and in later sources like the Bundahishn and the Denkard. The original Avesta dates from around 1400-1200 BC. BC, and was kept at Istakhr until a fire caused by the troops of Alexander the Great destroyed it. The current version dates from the 13th or 14th century and contains only part of the original text.

Persian folklore is the collective term for the beliefs and practices of the cultural and linguistic group related to the ancient peoples who inhabited the Iranian plateau and its markets, as well as the territories of Central Asia from the Black Sea to Khotan (today called Ho-t'ien, in China).