Historic Monuments of Zanjan
Zanjan has many sites of cultural and historical interest. There are some of the best schools in Iran.
1. The Soltaniyeh Dome, the largest brick dome in the world
This dome is located in the city of Soltaniyeh, 39 kilometers from the city of Zandjan. It was built in 9 years (from 704 to 713 of the Lunar Hegira, or in the 14th century) under the Oljayto government (Soltan Mohammad Khodabandeh).
With a height of 48.5 meters and a diameter of 25.5 meters, it is the third largest dome in the world after Santa Maria in Florence and that of Aya Sûfia in Istanbul. It is also the largest brick dome in the world. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is the most visited monument by Iranian or foreign tourists.
2. Raktshur khaneh (launderette)
This building was built in 1347 AH in the busiest area of the city. This building, which was then called Baba Djamal Tchoguri (the Baba Djamal ditch), was reserved for washing clothes. Women went there mostly in winter. The water of this place was provided by the underground canal (qanat) of Mirbahadeddin. Its operation was therefore very modern for the time. It is now transformed into a museum.
3. The bazaar
Due to its age, architecture and unique structure, Zandjan Bazaar is listed as one of the most important historical monuments of Iran. The construction of this bazaar began at the time of Agha Mohammad Khan Qadjar and ended in the early nineteenth century, at the time of Fath'ali Shah. At the beginning of the 20th century, mosques, houses and steam rooms were built there. Covering an area of 15 hectares, it is the largest Qadjar style covered bazaar in Iran. Stretched like a long line running through the city from north to south, it divided the ancient city into two parts, eastern and western. With 56 entrances, it connected all the different neighborhoods of the city. This ensemble, now called Madjmue-ye bazar-é Zandjan, is divided into different parts according to the objects that are sold there with the "quarter" of goldsmiths, draperies, hat makers, ...
4. Karvansara Sangi (Stone caravanserai)
This caravanserai is located south of Zandjan and was built during the reign of Shah Abbas II. Today, much of it has been destroyed and it has been transformed into a restaurant serving traditional Iranian dishes and selling locally made handicrafts.
Other caravanserais are also found in this region, the most important of which is that of Sartcham built in the fourteenth century and located on the trade route linking Tehran to Azerbaijan.
5. Men of salt (Mardan-e namaki)
In 1993, bones, clothing, hair and some tools were found in the Chehrabad Salt Mine of one of the villages of Zandjan. Archaeological studies conducted by Oxford University have revealed that they date back to the Sassanid period, dating back to 1700 to 2200 years ago. So far, the bones of seven people have been discovered, drawing the attention of archaeologists around the world.
1. The Seyyed Mosque
The complex comprising a mosque and a school was built in the mid-nineteenth century under the reign of Abdollah Mirza, the eleventh son of Fath'ali Shah Qajjar. Also known as the Friday Mosque or "Masdjed Djameh", the Seyyed Mosque was right in the center of the city. She is one of the
Important monuments of this city built according to Qadjar style and has four iwans.
2. The mausoleum of Gheidar Nabi
This mausoleum is located in the city of Gheidar (Khodabandeh) south of Zandjan, whose seniority dates back to 5000 BC. The choice of the name of this city has historical and religious reasons: 1.Gheidar, because of the existence of the tomb of one of the prophets.2. Khodabandé, because of the existence of the tomb of Soltan Mohammad Khodabandé. This mausoleum houses the tomb of a prophet, Salaman ebn-e Hamal ebn-e Gheidar, son of the prophet Ismail. In the 14th century, one of the Mongol kings rebuilt this tomb as a mausoleum.
3. The mausoleum of Ahmad Abhari
The most important historical and religious monument of Abhar is the Mausoleum of Molana Ghotb-eddin Ahmad Abhari (Pir Ahmad Zahrnoushe). Located south of Abhar, it was chosen as a place of gathering and mortification by Pir Ahmad and the 400 Sufi ascetics.