The province of Zandjan is located in the north-west of Iran, between eastern Azerbaijan and Qazvin, and covers an area of 22,164 square kilometers. The language of the people of this region is Azeri Turkish.
The province of Zandjan is located in the north-west of Iran, between eastern Azerbaijan and Qazvin, and covers an area of 22,164 square kilometers. The language of the people of this region is Azeri Turkish. Its principal cities are Abhar, Khodabandeh, Khorramdareh, Soltaniyeh, Tarom and Mahneshan.
The antiquity of the city of Zandjan dates back to the 2nd century BC It was erected during the reign of Ardeshir Babakan, founder of the Sassanid dynasty. This city was then called "Shahin", that is to say what concerns the Shah. She later changed her name to Zangan. During the reign of Osman and after the conquest of this region by the Arabs (by Bara-e Azeb), this name was Arabized to become Zandjan.
At the time of the Mongol attacks, Zandjan and its surroundings suffered extensive destruction. The region of Soltaniyeh still attracted the attention of the Mongols. After converting to Shiism, Soltan Mohamad Khodabandeh (Oldjayto, one of the Mongol kings) made great efforts to develop this region, knowing that even before the arrival of the Mongol tribes, the area of Soltaniyeh was very important. The discovery of objects dating back to the 5th millennium BC J. - C. as earthenware of color are witnesses.
Manual trades in Zanjan
Zandjan first of all evokes the knife. Thus, upon his arrival in this city, the visitor will notice the existence of many workshops where artisans make knives and shops where they are sold. Because of its age - around 4000 years ago - knives are made here - and Zandjan's knife has earned a worldwide reputation. Two hundred cutlery workshops with over 7,700 cutters each year produce more than 700,000 knives of all kinds: kitchen knives, hunting knives, detent knives, ornamental knives, short and wide knives, knives, swords, cleavers , scissors and small hammers to break the sugar.
These factories are best known for their feather-cutting knives, which were made abundantly during the Safavid era, while nasta'lighe writing was very fashionable.
In the seventeenth century, this city was a very important industrial center for the manufacture of weapons as sword.
The manual manufacture of the knife is a rather complicated process with many steps. The sleeves of most of these knives are made of stag or goat horn or nickel silver. The knife is made with lime, emery, charcoal and an oven. After melting the steel in the oven, the master cutler hammers it on an anvil. Again, he melts it and plunges it into the cold water. Then he begins to file it and then sharpen it. This last step is the most delicate and difficult: after the first polishing, the master covers the blade with a thin layer of chrome to make it stronger. He then polishes it for a second time to make it brighter.
Charuq is the oldest of the arts in this city, with a history of 1000 years. Part of the old bazaar of Zandjan is thus named "zone of couturiers de charuqs".
The charuqs are slippers with high or low heels for women. They are sewn with woolen or silk threads. Its insole is leather. They are often brightly colored and very diverse, and one or two pompoms are added as an additional ornament. In the past, they were primarily worn by wealthy women.
3. Cisal and goldsmith
The chiselling and goldsmith (malilekari) also have a long history in this city. At the time of Reza Khan, the craftsmen of this city have repeatedly traveled to Isfahan and Tehran, inducing a development of this art in these cities. Goldsmithing is a very complicated job that takes a lot of time and requires great attention to detail. The master goldsmith melts gold or silver into ingots and then passes it through molds to reduce its thickness to 1 millimeter. With the obtained threads, he adorns trays, tea glasses, knife handles, decorative boxes ...