The origin of the word is still uncertain. But a meaning that is advanced is "eagle's nest".


The look of archaeologists on the site of Alamut

The origin of the word Alamut:


The origin of the word is still uncertain. But a meaning that is advanced is "eagle's nest". Indeed, the first part of this word "Al" would mean, in the dialect of the region, "eagle". The second "Amout" comes from the verb "to know".

Legend has it that one of the monarchs of Deilam decided to build the fortress following the flight of an eagle. He would indeed have flown away during a hunt and he would have landed at the peak of the mountain. It is at this very spot that the fortress was erected. What was "Ale Amoukht" became with time "Alamut".

The archaeological site of Alamut is composed of two major parts. The upper part served, according to historians, residential part, given the amplitude of its parts. As for the lower part, it could be considered as the outside of the main fortress. Then come the surroundings of the fortress including industrial and manufacturing activities.

The architecture of this site is traditionally that of the V to the VIIth after the hegira (row Ishmaelite, Safavide and Qadjare). Thus we can find some of these details in the Heidrieh School, the Qazvin Friday Mosque, and the Isfahan Friday Mosque. Some places are even older and date back to the Seljuk-Ilkhanid period.

In the fortress, the direction of the pavement tells us which rooms were central. The main part of the residential area is 800 square meters and 18 meters long, joining three surveillance towers directed to the northwest, southwest, and southeast. Many pieces were made of brick. In the shape of crosses or stars, they could even be encrusted with turquoises and drawn. The splendor of this architecture indicates that it was a real palace and therefore that monarch was very politically powerful in the region. The large tank could hold about 11/45 cubic meters of water. According to the words and some existing writings, the water was brought there from the neighboring rivers. Rainwater was also conserved, as evidenced by the small gutters built on the roofs or dug out of the rock. The prison, although it has always existed, has left very few archaeological remains. The drawing of the entrance stairs of the fortress refers to the miniature book of Javame-Altavarikh. These stairs have been arranged so that horses can enter. A 25-meter-long passageway, carved from the rock, oriented from north to south, was highlighted. Six surveillance chambers were installed to the east and three others to the west, that is to say to the valley.

This is the period in which lived Hassan Ibn Sabah that arouses the curiosity of archaeologists. Indeed, surrounded by mysteries, the Old Wise Mountain has developed this place so as to be able to practice different arts, especially astronomy, medicine but also to train its many fade-ins.