Tehran is a cosmopolitan city, with great museums, parks, restaurants and friendly people. It deserves at least a few days of your Iranian itinerary. The situation of Tehran, between mountains and desert basin, has a great influence on the climate of the city.
Tehran '(in Persian: تهران), is the capital of Iran. A metropolis of 14 million people, it is located at the foot of the Alborz ranges.
Tehran is a cosmopolitan city, with great museums, parks, restaurants and friendly people. It deserves at least a few days of your Iranian itinerary.
The city can be divided into two distinct parts: the north and the south. The northern districts of Tehran are more prosperous, modern, cosmopolitan and expensive, while the southern regions are less attractive but cheaper.
At the time of the Zand dynasty, it was a small town that was strategically significant. The first of the Qajar kings, Agha Mohammed Khan, appointed Tehran as the capital of the country in 1778, and its growth began during the reign of a subsequent Qajar monarch, Fath-Ali Shah. The castle built by Aga Mohammed Khan was to contain new majestic buildings.
During the same period, the population doubled. Due to the growing importance of the city, gates, squares and mosques were built according to a plan elaborated in the days of Shah Nassereddin providing a network of modern streets. Later, huge central squares like Toopkhaneh now "Imam Khomeini") and some military buildings were built. Even though the Qajar dynasty was in a period of decline, Tehran quickly took the form of a modern city. A mesh of important public buildings, new streets, recreation centers, urban service organizations and university centers have emerged, while most of the old gates and buildings have been destroyed and the city of the old architectural fabric replaced by a contemporary.
Tehran has also gained the unpopular reputation of a polluted city because of the heavy traffic, the lack of relief and the density of its 14 million inhabitants. But you can also find an infinite number of friendly and comfortable places in and around the city - if you know where to look ... Tehran is also a city of parks and has more than 800, all well-kept. The city is almost a mile high and therefore enjoys a colder climate than other cities in the Middle East. Summer temperatures are around 32° C, or about 90-95° F. Air tends to be very dry.
A combination of factors that make Tehran a pleasant place to visit: dry climate is constantly cool (at least in the evening), proximity to mountains, parks and gardens where flowers blossom throughout the year , the avenues of trees in the avenues and the streets, and even the water that descends from the high town along wide and deep gutters resembling small rivers in the spring. The Alborz mountain range north of Tehran, home to the highest peak in Iran, offers fantastic conditions for winter ski enthusiasts. In winter, the mountain and ski hotels in Shemshak and Dizine are full several days a week. Some skiers estimate the quality of snow in northern Tehran as one of the best in the world.
Tehran is the host of nearly half of the country's industrial activity: the automotive industry, electrical and electronic equipment, weapons, textiles, sugar, cement and chemicals. The city and its bazaar are the commercial center of carpets and furniture produced throughout the country.
Weather of Tehran
The situation of Tehran, between mountains and desert basin, has a great influence on the climate of the city. Tehran has a steppe climate. The climate map of Köppen-Geiger classifies the climate of Tehran type BSk 8. The climate of the mountains is rather cool and semi-humid, while the southern areas of the city, almost in direct contact with the desert of Dasht-e Kavir are warm and dry. The warmest months are the summer months (mid-July to mid-September), with average temperatures between 35 and 40° C. The coldest months are December and January, with an average temperature of about 1° C.
Precipitation is about 200 mm per year, concentrated (in descending order) in winter, spring and autumn. The summer is very dry. It snows, sometimes in abundance during the winter months.
The climate of Tehran is influenced by three main geographical factors:
- the Dasht-e Kavir, located to the south of the metropolis, introduces hot winds and dust into the city.
- the mountain range of the Elbourz, located to the north of the city, stops the rains coming from the Caspian Sea.
- western monsoon clouds and the presence of the mountain range partially mitigate the effects of the desert climate.
The difference of temperature between the mountains and the plains makes the air from the mountains flow to the plains during the night, and from the plains to the mountains during the day.