The Fortress of Gabri, Old Defender of Rey
Throughout the history of the invaders, on horseback or on foot, by boat or plane, they tried to force the borders of neighboring territories under the influence of their expansionist desires.
Throughout the history of the invaders, on horseback or on foot, by boat or plane, they tried to force the borders of neighboring territories under the influence of their expansionist desires. Hence the concept of "defense", taken into account by sovereigns, heads of public authorities. It therefore came to the idea that strong structures were needed, strategic points preventing invaders from entering their territory. Thus the fortresses, these great buildings of earth and stone endowed with powerful walls were born close to the centers of civilization.
Rey, this important city, more than 6000 years old, is no exception to this rule. Located on the Silk Road, in a place geographically, historically and strategically important, it has often been targeted and it is thanks to its fortresses that it has been able to escape, on several occasions, to serious destruction. However, she was unable to avoid either the Mongol invasion which left, following two wild attacks, that ruins of what was the beautiful city of Rey, or that of the Ghaznavides. Despite this, she is still standing, representing the rich and glorious past of ancient Persia.
One of the great fortresses of the city was called "Gabri". The word "gabre" or "guebre" means Zoroastrian. As a result, it is not difficult to find the end of the etymological skein of this name throughout history since the Sassanid or more probably Arsacid dynasty.
The fortress of Gabri is located to the south-east of the old Rey and the traveler or researcher-historian can today easily discover it in the Alaa'een district, to the east of the shâh Abdol 'Azim mausoleum, the one of the descendants of the Shiite Imams. According to some sources, as well as on the basis of the appearance of the place, it was built on the highest part of the city, on a hill also called "Gabri". With regard to the hill itself, it seems to have been in the past the sepulcher of the founder of the Zidalid dynasty, Mardavidj-e-Zaliy. In his book Historical Monuments of the Ancient Rey, Hussein Kariman writes: "According to the historical documents, the remains found on the Gabri hill are probably those of the tomb of Mardavodj-e-Ziari, and he was apparently buried in Rey after his death. assassination in 323 hl / 943 in Isfahan. " And from the immense fortress of Gabri, there remains today only an enclosure of high walls of earth and raw bricks, deployed on an area of approximately two hectares. The height of the walls varies between 10 and 13 meters. Unfortunately, there is still little accurate data on this fortress, and historical and archaeological research would be needed. But according to some sources, this monument would belong to the Arsacid era and would be 2250 years old. The four observation towers are still standing at the four corners of the fortress, although they are now deformed and dirty. Still according to these anonymous sources, before the Islamic Revolution, the fortress served as a gunpowder factory. Moreover, since the death of the owner of the factory, the interior space serves as deposit at the mausoleum of Shâh Abdol-'Azim.
Although nature has been generous with the people of Rey, it has been quite hostile to the footprints left on earth by men, who have always had to endure the onslaught of natural elements such as rain, snow, wind, the sun and earthquakes. Yet the fortress of Gabri seems unshakeable, still alive, seeming with great patience to live in the expectation of being rediscovered, washed of the dust of oblivion. "Would there be an umbrella or umbrella big enough to protect the fortress from the sun and rain?", Thought a visitor with concern ... "And who will keep it first ... who will ...", she continued to think .