Ramsar lies on the coast of the Caspian Sea. It was also known as Sakhtsar in the past. The native people in Ramsar are Gilaks although there are also Mazandarani people living there. They speak the Gilaki language although the style they speak has been influenced by the Mazandarani language.


A city  near the sea

Ramsar is located between the Caspian Sea and the nearby hills of the forests of the Alborz Mountains.

It is a seaside resort along the Caspian Sea.

This city is the capital of the Ramsar region in the province of Mazandaran. It is the most western city of the province.

Beaches, sand and rocks, spas, verdant forests of the Elbourz mountains and former summer residence of the last shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

Ramsar was first called Sakhtsar in the past. The native people were Gilaks and spoke Gilaki language. The people of Ramsar say that once, Shah Reza Pahlavi returning from the city of Astara to Tehran, visited Sakhtsar and called it Ramsar instead of Sakhtsar (both words being antonyms in the local language, Gilaki )

We are in the province of Mazandaran.

Mazandaran was formerly called Tabaristan.
Mazandaran was a part of the province of Hyrcania in the time of the Persian Empire.

Ramsar is wedged between the southern Caspian Sea and the Arborz mountain range. It is wetter and green because of the humidity of the Caspian Sea.
 



It is said in Iran that Ramsar is the paradise of the planet.

That's a bit of what the city plan looks like ...
Not many streets ...

This beautiful city has also airport.

A radioactive zone!

Some places in this city reveal the world's highest concentration of natural radioactivity due to the proximity of hot springs. It is said to be the most radioactive inhabited area known on Earth.

The radioactivity is due to the local geology. Groundwater dissolves radium in uraniferous igneous rock and carries it to the surface through at least nine known hot springs.

They are used as spas by locals and tourists. Part of the radium precipitates in travertine, a form of limestone, and the rest diffuses into the soil where it is absorbed by crops and mixes with drinking water.

The inhabitants have unconsciously used radioactive limestone as a building material for their homes.
The stone radiates the inhabitants and generates radon gas which is generally considered to promote lung cancer.
Crops contribute 72 μSv / year to a critical group of 50 residents.

There is mostly a place in Ramsar, Chaparsar, Saadat Shahr, which is full of hot mineral water and where it is dangerous to live there, but not inside Ramsar.

A place of history

Ramsar is famous around the world (besides being an Iranian seaside resort) for two reasons.

➣ The Ramsar Palace (or Tamashagah Khazar), which dates from 1937, a large royal villa that once served as a summer residence for the two Shahs of the Pahlavi Dynasty. It was here that Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his second wife, Soraya Esfandiari, spent their honeymoon in 1951. 

➣ The second reason: Ramsar was signed in 1971 with the "Ramsar Convention" on wetlands of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat.

The "Ramsar Convention" is the oldest of all modern global and intergovernmental agreements on the environment.
The treaty was negotiated in the 1960s by different countries and non-governmental organizations concerned about the increasing loss and degradation of wetland habitats for migratory waterbirds.

Adopted in the city of Ramsar in 1971, it came into force in 1975.

➣ There is a museum of anthropology that we have not seen.

The Ramsar Grand Hotel and Spa
 

It is the best known hotel in the region. It has 80 years of history, built in 1934. This hotel is famous for its neo-colonial style, spa and gardens. It was certainly once a luxury class hotel. It has four stars and 177 rooms.


The crafts of the province of Mazandaran are coarse carpets called Gelims, silk fabrics, textiles, Jajeem (a type of wool woven loosely), terracotta objects, wooden objects, vases and statues, bamboo, silk and cotton products, crochet. There are also scarves and silk clothing, felt goods, mats and wood.


The traditional costume worn in some villages in northern Iran is called a "Ghasem-abadi dress".
Ghasem Abad is a village is located in east of Gilan Province just west of Ramsar.