Mazandaran Province, is an Iranian province located along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea and in the adjacent Central Alborz mountain range, in central-northern Iran.
Mazandaran formerly known as Tabaristan is a province in northern Iran bounded by the Caspian Sea to the north. Mazandaran was a part of the province of Hyrcania at the time of the Persian Empire. Its ancient name was Tabaristan.
The capital of the province is Sari. Until 1977, Golestan province was a part of Mazandaran.
The province has an area of 23,833 km2. The counties of the province are Amol, Babol, Babolsar, Behshahr, Tonekabon, Chaloos, Ramsar, Savad Kooh, Qaem Shahr, Mahmood Abad, Neka, Noor and Noshahr.
The Caspian Sea is located in the north, the provinces of Tehran and Semnan are located to the south. To the west lies the province of Gilan and to the east is the Golestan.
The Arabs knew this region only under the name of Tabaristan or Tapurstan on the Persian currencies. The name of Mazandaran reappears only at the time of the Seljuk. Some distinguish the Mazandaran from Tabaristan, the Mazandaran included Gorgan, Amol, Sari on the coastal plain of the Caspian Sea and Tabaristan designating the more mountainous regions south of this plain including the towns of Semnan Firuz Kuh Damavand.
Geography and culture
Mazandaran is geographically divided into two parts: the coastal plains and the mountainous regions. The Elbourz range surrounds the coastal strips and the Caspian Sea like a huge barrier.
The climate of the Caspian coast is Pontic. In the Elbourz range, parallel to the coast, dividing the province into many isolated valleys, there is frequent snowfall in the winter season.
Mazandarani or Tabari is a northwestern branch of the Iranian language family and is even considered by some to be a language of its own.
This language is not influenced by other languages that have conquered the region, such as Persian, Mongolian, Arabic or Tartar and is still spoken in different dialects of the region.
Significant natives of Mazandaran
Many well-known scholars and poets were raised in Mazandaran: For example, Nima Yushij, one of the last great contemporary poets of Iran.
As the province is part of the ancient Tapourstan or Tabaristan, two famous ninth century scholars are from Mazandaran, both of whom are commonly known as Al-Tabari (meaning simply "who comes from Tabaristan").
Mazandaran is the only region of Iran that has resisted Arab-Muslim hegemony in the region. Many of the heir princes of the Persian empire have tried to unite and resist, to resist the Arab legions, but betrayals against the enemy against money are unfortunately famous and numerous in the history of this region (cf. manuals in Pahlavi languages). It is therefore the last region of Iran to become Muslim by will or by force. The followers of Zoroastrianism were still very numerous according to historians in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in this province. Pahlavi writing and textbooks were still used against today's Arabic-Persian alphabet.
Rice, cereals, fruits, cotton, tea, tobacco, sugar cane, and silk are among the natural products produced in the coastal plain along the coast of the Caspian Sea. Oil wealth has spurred the establishment of food processing industries, cement, textiles, cotton and fishing (the region is a major producer of caviar).
Favorable weather conditions, beautiful scenery and proximity to Tehran have made this region one of the main tourist areas of Iran.
The organization of Iran's cultural heritage lists more than 630 sites of importance, making a wealth for the tourist development of the region.