The civilization of Lorestan is mainly famous for its bronze objects, made according to the technique known as "lost wax", and more particularly for its bits of horses crafted and decorated with horses or fabulous animals.
Lorestan, the bronze earth
Lorestan is one of the oldest regions of Iran. Remains of the Stone Age, including engravings and drawings found in caves that were once inhabited by prehistoric men, make the province one of the oldest settlements, also very famous for its reserves. very old bronze objects. In other words, and as the famous French archaeologist Roman Ghrishman so aptly puts it, "the true Iranian art is in Lorestan". This province is one of the most important regions of Iran, and its inhabitants have always sought to preserve the traditions and customs of the country.
Lorestan and bronze
The civilization of Lorestan is mainly famous for its bronze objects, made according to the technique known as "lost wax", and more particularly for its bits of horses crafted and decorated with horses or fabulous animals. The art of working bronze is among artisans of Lorestan, a skill that reflects centuries of culture of a population both peasant and warrior. It was during the 4th millennium BC that this art reached its peak. The work on bronze is a traditional Iranian art transmitted from generation to generation that served as a means of communication between the tribes of that time. The objects, tools and other crafts of this kind whose remains have been discovered, are mostly swords, scimitars, clubs and other weapons of the time that are the work of great masters of Zagros. From this time, we also have luxury items, such as jewelry and other objects used for the art of the table and decoration.
Khorramabad, center of the province.
The Khorramabad valley is located in the center of Lorestan province. Surrounded by mountains that are excellent water reserves, the valley has many natural springs with exceptional freshness, even during the hot season. A unique climate has favored the settlement of many peoples throughout history. The abundance of springs, or the magnificent lake of Kio which allowed and still allows trade between the west and the south, makes Khorramabad one of the most touristic cities of Iran.
The attractions of the province
The city of Khorramabad has many tourist attractions of which one of the most important is the castle of "Falak ol-Aflak". This magnificent fortress with an area of 5300 square meters is built on top of a hill and has a splendid view. This fort, also called "Dej-e Shapour" or the fortress of Shapour, dates from the Sassanid period. At that time, he had eight towers and walls both very tall and very solid: a perfect place of security and a real barricade to ward off possible attacks. In contemporary times, before the Islamic Revolution, it served as a prison. It should be noted that the extension and development of the city of Khorramabad took place from this same fortress.
A source of drinking water and very fresh runs throughout the year not far from the fort, irrigating the vegetation of the park and feeding the large basin that is there today. In addition to the great harmony and finesse of its architecture, this building has exceptional treasures among which:
- The vortex of stone, a sort of rotating basin used for the distribution of water. This cultural and historical work is part of the constructions dating back to the Sassanid period.
- The Shapuri or Shekasteh Bridge (broken), about 230 meters long, whose construction dates back to the Sassanid period.
The province of Azna, located 132 kilometers northeast of Khorramabad, has a rather cold climate. The oil installations, the railway and the alloy factory have converted it into an industrial city.
At the foot of the mountain nicknamed "Ochtoran Kouh" are beautiful natural sites, such as the snow-covered tunnel and the valley of Takht. Among the tourist attractions of this region, we can mention the entire protected area of Ochtaran Kouh, where different species of animals coexist.
Daryatche-ye Gahar is one of the most beautiful lakes in Iran, located 121 kilometers east of Lorestan province. This lake shines like a jewel in the protected area of Ochtorankouh. It is at 2400 meters above sea level and its depths reach 28 meters. The existence of abundant vegetation and the beauty of the surrounding natural park make this lake a tourist attraction attracting many visitors throughout the year, especially in summer. The lake is surrounded by the peaks of Ochtorankouh. Many mountain climbers climb the mountains each year to enjoy the beauty of the surrounding landscape. As far as vegetation is concerned, all kinds of trees are found around the lake, including oaks, almonds and pistachio trees. In the surrounding forests, there are various fruit trees such as apple trees, pear trees, pomegranate trees and many others. In this region, crops are also quite varied, ranging from planting all kinds of cereals to wildflowers.
The protected area of Ochtorankouh is home to various animal species including goats, wolves, brown bears, foxes, rabbits, eagles, hawks, turtles and fish. It also grows many - and, regarding some species, rare - medicinal plants.
The main way to the lake starts from the town of Doroud. You then have to travel about 17 kilometers to get to the Khieh spring and from there, another 18 kilometers to reach the lake. The safest way is the pack animals rented by the natives. Aside from this path, there is a more affordable route that can be traveled by car. It crosses the province of Ali Goudarz. Then you have to walk about 12 kilometers to reach the lake. But the most dangerous route is undoubtedly the mountain: this rather dangerous road can only be used by professional mountaineers.
The province of Kouhdasht, 94 kilometers southwest of Khorramabad, is a natural site with many tourist attractions. The cradle of the manufacture of the famous bronze objects is found in this province, and as such, the name of this city is well known to all the great researchers and archaeologists of the world. The cave of Mir Malass and Botkhaneh, the Gonbade Shah Mohammad, the Boluran wood and the red temple of Damlarî are among the main attractions of the city. This shrine is one of those discovered during excavations in Lorestan. It is built on top of the red Damlari mountain and 6 kilometers east of Kouhdasht. It was a group of researchers led by Professor Schmitt who in 1938 began excavations where a large number of bronze objects were discovered.
Located 110 kilometers southwest of Khorramabad, Poldokhtar is one of the regions with the highest temperatures in the province. The visitor can admire the amazing Kalmakare cave, whose engravings and found objects date from the Achaemenid era.
The pearl of the oceans
The inhabitants of Lorestan are very hospitable people and believers. Religious ceremonies are celebrated with great pomp. Weddings, especially among nomads, are very important. It is a show not to be missed, where folk music plays a vital role. Traditional musical instruments are Kamantcheh, Dohol and Sorna.
The climate of Lorestan is continental and not very humid, with some precipitation in winter often followed by snow. Since the province is located on the most westerly slopes of the Zagros Mountains, it has the highest annual rainfall in the areas south of the Alborz.
A favorable climate, abundant springs and fertile land facilitate the work of pastoralists and farmers. The main productions are cereals, sugar cane, and different varieties of fruits including apples, pears, cherries, grapes, figs, etc. Textile and sugar are the two most important industries in the province.
In some regions, such as Azna or Aligoudarz, bee farming is very common. Most of the cities in the province are linked together by paved roads.
Tapestry is a central economic activity as well as the most important handicraft trade in this province; especially to Khorramabad, Aligoudarz and Doroud.
Nomadic art consists mainly of guilims and djadjims (kinds of carpets), as well as guivehs, sorts of traditional slippers. There are also many workshops producing decorative objects worked carefully on nickel silver or on tanned leather.