Lahijan, a beautiful and sweet province on the shores of the Caspian Sea, is one of those over-frequented and yet little known regions of northern Iran.
Lahijan, a beautiful and sweet province on the shores of the Caspian Sea, is one of those over-frequented and yet little known regions of northern Iran. Endowed, like all the other corners of this ancient country, with a millennial and tormented history, it fascinates, however, not by its history, but simply by its fertile and verdant beauty, its mountains uniformly covered with beautiful forests to be cut the breath, its immense beaches of sand or rocks bordering the Caspian Sea, - so polluted and yet so endearing. For many Iranians accustomed to the ocher tones of desert landscapes, this region is undoubtedly an outpost of paradise. It is the river Sefid Roud whose bed is the vast valley that separates the two great mountain ranges Alborz and Talesh continuing its long route from the heights of the chain Alborz to the Caspian and eroding on its way the cliffs of these proud mountains, which allowed the Lahijan Plain, wedged between the heights of these fearsome mountains and the moving waters of the largest lake on the blue planet, to be among the most fertile in Iran since all the deposits of the erosion of the proud Alborz end there their existence. This, combined with the humidity and heavy rains from the Caspian, allow this plain to enjoy fertility and freshness unparalleled in the rest of Iran, otherwise desert and mountainous country.
The northern part of this plain bordering the Caspian is the lowest and the further south, the higher the altitude. The Alborz west mountains are located in the east and south of this region. Named Sheytan Kouh, Gamal and Ahta Kouh, they are covered with dense forests, which hide among them a diversified fauna including wolves, jackals, foxes, bears, lynx, gazelles, chamois, beavers, hedgehogs, hares, wild boars, cougars Asia, hyenas and some local animals, such as white-breasted hare-rat, nemesis of henhouses, so-called "Ganj Banou", or this tiny unnamed crocodile, which haunts the swamps of the region. Do not forget to mention the flock of waterfowl or not, like the many families of wild ducks, wild geese, marabouts and other long-legged birds, woodpeckers, sea eagles, owls and owls. all kinds. These mountains thus form a very complete ecosystem both in terms of flora and fauna and offer to the eyes a magnificent debauchery of Nature.
The province of Lahijan includes the cities of Langaroud, Deylaman-o-Siahkal, Rankouh, Astaneye Ashrafyeh and its most important rivers are Pel Roud or Pileh Roud (Great River), Sham Roud or Shim Rud, Sefid Roud and Pardeh Sar.
Among the geographical curiosities, one can evoke the existence of the "Green Roof" located on the heights of Sheytan Kouh. Eighty stone steps, bordering a magnificent waterfall with pure water that gushes from the top of the mountain to finally throw in a large pool built on the order of the Safavid king Shah Abbas the Great in the seventh century, have been carved since the soil to this place. Unfortunately, there are few remains of this historic pool.
Lahijan, located between the high Alborz range and the Caspian Sea, is covered with forests. Its climate is humid, temperate and very mild, and it escapes violent extremes of the Iranian climate since in summer, the temperature of this province does not exceed the 32 degrees and does not descend to less than 4 degrees centigrade during the winter. It rains on average between 1300 and 1500 millimeters each year, especially in the area bordering the Caspian Sea, that is to say in the plain.
Given this climate, the city of Lahijan is an agricultural pole and its geographical and economic particularities have allowed it to occupy a place apart among the cities of Gilan.
Lahijan, the flagship city of this province, is a large and old city of Gilan. With its 1498 square kilometers, it is the third largest city in the country and, with its 256 000 inhabitants, of Guilak and Galesh ethnic groups, it is the second most populous city. The local dialect is guilaki.
Etymologically, Lahijan, formerly called Lahedjan means "City of Silk".
The Lahijis, first followers of the ancient religion of Persia, converted to Islam under the rule of an indigenous suzerain, Nasser Alhegh Otroush.
Agriculture is the main activity of the Lahijis, who cultivate mainly rice in the plain and tea in the foothills. The trade is also very flourishing. The main products exported from this region are silk, rice and tea.
For the gourmets, there is Koloutcheh, a kind of traditional cake made of flour, pistachio, nuts, banana and coconut. In addition, it was in 1873 that Mohammad Hossein Esfahani planted tea for the first time in Iran but his trial failed and it was not until 1890 and a man, Kashef-o-Saltaneh, nicknamed "the Tea Planter", who successfully launched in the cultivation of this plant so popular with Iranians, so that the tea definitely enters the list of regional productions of the north of Iran. Today, Lahijan tea is one of the most important export products of the country. As for tourism, the exceptional situation of Lahijan has allowed it to easily accommodate the title of the "Queen of the Cities of the North", especially since being close to the chief town of the department, she very well knew how to favor the boom of the tourism industry.