On the Iranian side of the Persian Gulf, there is an oval-shaped island, named Kish . On the east side, known for offshore coral reefs, beaches include Marjan Beach Park. Dolphin Park features dolphins, seals and birds.
On the Iranian side of the Persian Gulf, there is an oval-shaped island of about 90 km2, Kish Island. The word "kish" etymologically means quiver and because at a certain altitude, it has the appearance of an arrow in his quiver. Some historians claim that this island was formerly known as Kiyan, a word linked to the kihanid kings' dynasty. One of the earliest travel stories about it is that of the Greek admiral Nearchus, who would have visited Kish Island in the fourth century BC. by order of Alexander the Macedonian, and this, to explore the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea. Xenophon evokes this island under the name of "Mother of Kamtina". According to him, after the visit of Nearchus, the island was dedicated to two gods of Greek mythology: Venus and Mercury.
Before Islam, Kish was successively under the rule of the Elamites, Akkadians, Sumerians, Achaemenids, Seleucids, Arsacids and finally Sassanids. After the victory of the Muslims and the fall of the Sasanian Empire, Kish, like the rest of Iran, is ruled by the Umayyad and Abbasid Arab-Muslim Caliphate, before being again and quite quickly under the domination of the dynasties. Iran, with the victory of the Iranian Saffarid dynasty under the Abbasid caliphate and the takeover of the entire south of Iran. These dynasties include the Safavids, Seljuk, Afsharids, Qadjars and finally Pahlavis, who reigned over Kish Island until the Islamic Revolution of 1979 and the establishment of a republic in Iran.
Under the reign of the Achaemenids, Kish was the world's leading producer of pearls, and as a result, has always had significant trading. According to historical records, for many centuries Kish Island was as important as cities such as Shiraz or Baghdad, with a peak during the Ilkhanid period. The remains of the city of Harireh, on the island, testify to this splendid time.
In the sixteenth century, the Portuguese, then at the height of their maritime power, entered the Persian Gulf with their military fleet and occupied the island of Kish with the intention of monopolizing the trade of the Indian Ocean. But the Safavids manage to expel them.
Until 643, the island of Kish as well as the other islands of the Persian Gulf were Persians of culture and language. However, they were already coveted by the Arabs who had to take this path to attack the southern regions of Iran, including Kerman or Fars. Finally, with the victory of the Muslim Arabs, the island of Kish falls under the governorship of the Arab tribe of Abdollah Qeys. This is the reason why some historians have suggested that the etymology of the name of this island comes from "Qeys", later transformed into Kish, although this etymological hypothesis is mostly rejected.
During the Arab-Muslim invasion in the seventh century and until the recovery of the island by the Saffarids, Kish knows difficult times under the governance of emissaries of the caliphs. The Safavid, Afsharid and Zand dynasties are also periods of liberation for this island fallen into the hands of this or that invader.
Under the reign of Shah Abbas, the Portuguese were expelled from the Persian Gulf by General Emam Gholi Khan, charged by the Safavid king with this difficult mission. After the departure of the Portuguese, the Persian Gulf knows a certain serenity until the zand period which sees the British, until then economic and merchant partners, to reveal a certain appetite for conquest and to anchor ships in the Persian Gulf. This is the beginning of an era of great British influence in the region. The latter, in alliance with the Portuguese still present, submit to their tutelage Bahrain, still officially Iranian and take military Kish they sell 25,000 tomans to a certain Mohammad Reza Bastegui. The island is taken over by the Iranians; nevertheless, such acts are only the beginnings of ignominies marking the British presence in the region.
At the beginning of the twentieth century again, the island is under foreign occupation and it will be necessary to await the reign of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, vassal of the Western powers, so that the military occupation, without interest from now on, is finished.
Geography, customs and demography of the island
Kish is a coral island with an estimated population of 20,922 people. 92% are literate and 98% work. Kish is today a tourist island and free trade area. Local residents mostly live in the Saffin neighborhood. This district has preserved its traditional fabric; it attracts many visitors. The locals are also attached to their traditions, interesting to observe for travelers. The inhabitants of Kish are Shiite Muslims and the most celebrated festivals are those of Norouz, Ghadir and Ghorban. With the rapid and overall growth of tourism in the region, locals have mostly deserted their traditional trades (fishing and agriculture) and now work in the tertiary sectors.
Among the places to visit on this island, we can mention the old Saffine bazaar, which proudly holds its place alongside countless modern shopping centers and whose architecture is similar to that of the bazaars of central Iran. The pipal is a common tree of the island and the whole province of Hormozgan. The oldest tree on the island is also a pipal or fig tree pagoda named Lour, planted, it is said, by the Portuguese in the sixteenth century. The pipal is also a wish tree and the inhabitants hang vows to its branches and aerial roots. Lour is also named "Green Tree" and attracts visitors.
Kish Tourist Attractions
Historical monuments in Kish include the remains of the ancient city of Harireh. Parts of the city, including hammams, aqueducts and the Great Mosque have been renovated or rebuilt for the most damaged. The canal or Kariz of the ancient city is undoubtedly the most interesting part to visit, since it is literally a city under the city, the canals are not only used to retain and move drinking water, but also include underground stations for the rest of the inhabitants during the hot hours, rooms, rooms, wall decorations, worked arches, etc. In addition, the innumerable antique and even pre-ancient utensils used by the inhabitants of the island for millennia have been preserved.
Apart from the historical monuments, public parks, beaches and coral reefs, the zoo, the Bird Park, the Dolphinarium and the old Greek ship converted into a floating restaurant are all other examples of tourist amenities of the place. Diving, water skiing and other water sports can also be practiced on the island.
Two major Iranian universities, Tehran University and Sharif, located in Tehran, also accept national and international students in various university courses in collaboration with Australian and Malaysian universities.