Tourist attractions of Kermanshah Province (Part II)
Citadel of Yazdgerd
This citadel which included a small town forms a complex of Sassanid monuments, discovered in the city of Dalahu. This rather large site, with an area of almost 40 km², was built in height. The citadel was protected by semicircular towers, partially standing, with a diameter of 2 to 6 meters and placed at distances of 6 to 16 meters.
It is also possible to visit at the foot of Mount Bisotoun a Parthian monument, that is to say the bas-reliefs of Goudarz and Mehrdad II, two Parthian kings. Above this work, an epigraph written in Greek represents Goudarz.
This monument dating back to the Qadjair period was built according to the architectural aesthetic principles of the 19th century. It was originally built for ceremonies and religious theaters. This building has an almost unique glazed tile work, as well as beautiful colors and wall murals characteristic of the Qadjar style. Today, the two clothing and anthropology museums in the region officiate in this historic complex.
Tekieh Biglar Beygi
This tekieh is a large building of twenty-four pieces dating from the Qajjar period and located in the city center of Kermanshah. Unparalleled in the region from the point of view of its ornaments in mirror shards, the great hall west of the courtyard, decorated with epigraphs dating back to the reign of Mozaffareddin Shah (late nineteenth century), was used as hosseynieh. This building is currently the seat of the Museum of Scripture in the region.
city of Sar-e Pol Zahab, is one of the high waterfalls of Iran, projecting from a height of approximately one hundred meters. This waterfall has three floors and the third exit point of the water, hidden by trees, is invisible from the top of the waterfall.
Sar Ab-e Niloufar
This small lake, to be visited almost 20 km northwest of Kermanshah, is covered with water lilies whose leaves and buds cover much of the water during the hot seasons of the year, giving a bucolic charm at the walks near this lake.
Located 12 km from the town of Kermanshah, this cave is at equal distance between Tagh-e Bostan and Bisotoun. At the time of its discovery in 1971, it was the largest vertical cave in the world, which is why it was called the Everest of the caves of the world. Today, many other deeper caves have been explored around the world. With a depth of 751 m, it digs the mountain Parow, which rises to almost 3000 meters.
It is the largest water cave in West Asia discovered to date, with 65 million years old, located 25 km from the city of Ravansar, at the foot of the Shhu mountain. Its length is 12 km and its depth of 3140 m. This natural attraction is one of the most visited tourist sites of Ravansar. It has beautiful rooms at 1400 and 500 meters deep, and there were found objects dating back to the late Sassanid period, including silver containers, pieces of pottery and coins.
To this list, we must add the Jameh Mosque of Kermanshah, which dates from the end of the Zand era, the Qajjar Mosque of Haj Shabaz Khan, the Qadjair Mosque of Emadodowleh, the ancient caravanserai of Ghasr-e Shirin, whose original monument dates from the Sassanid period and some parts as the entrance are still original; the Safavid caravanserai at Bisotoun, 30 km north-east of Kermanshah, also known as "Shah Abbasi", built on the order of Shah Abbas I (sixteenth century); the ilkhanid caravanserai built by the Ilkhanids (13th century) on the remains of a citadel belonging to Sassanid Khosrow; the two caravanserais of Sar Pol-e Zahab, the first built during the Safavid era and the second dating from the Sassanid period on the ruins of a Sasanian citadel north of the city of Ghasr-e Shirin; the rather ruined remains of the citadel of Shah for the Sassanid near Harsin; the statue of Hercules, engraved in relief in the mountain in the historical region of Bisotoun and dating from the reign of Mehrdad I the Parthian; the traditional house qadjare Khaneh-ye Khajeh Baroukh, Kermanshah; Godin Tappe, prehistoric site located in the Kangavar Valley; Ganj-Darreh hill, archaeological site near Harsin; Gour-Dakhme Eshaghvand, an archaeological site that remains to be explored located about 25 km south of Bisotoun, including three tombs carved in a rock face were updated; Tagh Gara, a unique architectural building resembling an iwan, 15 km from the town of Sar Pol-e Zahab; the historic hammam of Hassan Khan and Ghal'eh, both from the Qajdair period and located in the center of Kangavar; the Safavid Bridge of Mianrahan; the Safavid bridge called "Shah Abbasi" from Bisotoun east of the city of Bisotoun; the source Sar-Ab in Ravansar, which is at the origin of the most important river of the region; the Kavat Cave in the Shahou Mountain and the Kermanshah-Paveh Road, and finally the Shekarchiyan Cave, near the epigraph of Darius in Bisotoun. Finally, let us underline the nice reception reserved for the tourists by the warm inhabitants of this region, who knew how to keep their ancestral customs, in particular in the clothing.