The park of Passib, The park of Lout-e Zangiabad, The Biduiyeh Mountain Natural Park in Bardsir, The citadel of Rayen, The citadel of Anar and many other lakes and caves are among the touristic attraction of Kerman.


The lakes, caves and protected natural parks of Kerman



Given the size of the province and its natural diversity, there are several protected natural parks in this region.

- The park of Passib: This protected area, on the border between Kerman and Zarand, is the habitat of many animal species desert.

- The park of Lout-e Zangiabad: South of Bam, this natural park is home to a rare species of gazelle, the chinkara (Gazella Bennettii).

- The Biduiyeh Mountain Natural Park in Bardsir:This region is particularly known for the variety of gazelle and ibex species that inhabit it.

The plains of Bolourd at Sirjan, for their part, are home to various species of birds, including the rare houbara bustard of Asia, which is fortunately found in abundance in this region.

The park of Lout-e Zangiabad

 



We must also mention here the seasonal lake of Jazmourian which receives each year thousands of migratory birds such as flamingos and various species of geese and wild ducks.

Other protected nature parks are Mehrieh, which includes beautiful prosopis forests, Gowdchah Nature Park, Anjerak Raba Nature Park and finally Kouh-e Nar Mountain, known for its almond and wild pistachio nuts.

- Lake Lout:The Kerman region is one of the least humid regions of the country, but despite the scarcity of rainfall, many seasonal rivers are born from the mountains, as well as some lakes, including Lout, located in the north-east mountains of Kerman.

Lake Jazmourian: Lake Jazmourian is undoubtedly the best known lake of this region. Due to the seasonal and rare rainfall, the size and water body of the lake varies from season to season and in summer, during some years, it dries up completely.
Given the large number of mountains and mountains in the Kerman province, there are also many caves, some of which are favored by speleologists. Among them is Torang, the deepest and largest limestone cave in the province, considered an important site for ecotourism in the region. This cave is located 230 km southwest of the city of Kerman.

Lake Jazmourian


The Mirza Cave: Opening at an altitude of 2342 meters, this cave is considered difficult to access and requires advanced caving skills. The cave includes eight main halls and four secondary halls with a 90-meter well in the middle of the cave which gives a particular relief to its exploration.

 

The Mirza Cave

 

Historical attractions of Kerman province



Ancient earth, Kerman does not have as many historical remains as its neighbor Yazd province. The reason is History itself, whose upheavals have helped to partially erase the traces of human presence. However, what remains testifies to the multi-millennial continuity of life in this country. Apart from the very ancient archaeological remains discovered that reveal the past life of extinct civilizations, including that of Jiroft, other constructions are a testimony of the past. The oldest of these constructions are undoubtedly the citadels and the temples, of which the most famous is the Citadel of Bam, struck a few years ago by an earthquake.



Kerman reserves however other citadels to visit:


- The citadel of Rayen: This citadel, cousin of that of Bam, dates from the Sassanid era. It remains after Bam the second largest building in raw brick and extends over 2000 m² near the current town of Rayen.


- The citadel of Anar: Located in the present city of Anar, in the north of the province of Kerman, the citadel of Anar, formerly named Aban, like the city, dates from the Sassanid era. This three-storey citadel is still standing, although some of its rooms have been damaged three decades ago. Until today, no archaeological or architectural study has been conducted in this citadel.


- The citadel Dokhtar (the Girl Citadel): Built in 220 BC. by Ardeshir, this citadel stands north-east of the city of Kerman. Originally named Gavashir or Mountain Citadel, it is known only as Dokhtar (Girl), which refers to the fact that it was never taken. It was during the Sassanid era the place of residence of the governor of the province and was originally built on the remains of a temple dedicated to the goddess Anahita, guardian of water, women, plants and fertility . This citadel has been little damaged by the passage of time, but it should be noted that it has never been the subject of maintenance or renovation, or even serious studies.

-The citadel of Ardeshir: Another neglected and yet well preserved citadel, the fortress of Ardeshir is located close to the citadel Dokhtar. It is said to have been built by order of Ardeshir Babakan, the founder of the Sassanid dynasty (226 BC). The ancient citadel includes palaces, temples and ancient dwellings. The walls of this citadel, perched 150 meters above Kerman, are made of bricks much thicker than average. What remains of the mosaics of the citadel shows a particular care given to its decoration. This citadel, like the others, has also been abandoned and there are still studies and special arrangements to make, especially as modern homes are multiplying in its surroundings, which may damage the site.