Historical Monuments of Kerman
The Ganjali Khan Complex, Khajeh Atabak's Tomb, The tomb of Mir Heydar Gurkhan, The Mausoleum of Shah Nematollah Vali, The tomb of Prince Hossein Joupar, The Mausoleum of Amir Heydar, The Mausoleum of King Firouz, The Moshtaghi Mausoleum, Ghotb Abad's Caravanserai are among the historical monuments in Kerman.
The architectural history of Kerman is not limited to these citadels and each city in the province offers beautiful monuments to visit, monuments often used:
- The Ganjali Khan Complex in Kerman: A must-see place in Kerman, the Ganjali Khan Historical Complex is a remarkable example of Persian desert architecture from the Safavid era. This ensemble was built on the orders of then Governor Ganjali Khan by the architect Mohammad Yazdi. The complex includes a mosque, a caravanserai, a hammam, a money making workshop, a place and a water tank.
The most famous part of this ensemble is the hammam, extending over 1000 square meters and the work of Safavid architect Mohammad Yazdi, who combines functionality with architectural beauty. Decorated soberly by such artists as Alireza Abbassi, the ensemble is to be visited among others for its mosaics, paintings, frescoes and other decorations that adorn it.
Among other historic hammams, sometimes still in service of the region, we can name the hammam of Ebrahim Khan, dating from the period qadjare, the Hammam Park Shahzadeh (six km from the city of Maan) and hammam today converted into a tea room in Vakil, Kerman, built in 1901 on the architectural model zand. Finally, another notable hammam, the historic Bahádor Lalezar, in Bardsir, dating from the Qadjar period to the singular architecture.
The province of Kerman is also the land of many holy, Sufi and mystical men whose tombs are of interest, especially since they are ancient, often dating back to the Ilkhanid or Seljuk era:
- Khajeh Atabak's Tomb:Located near Kerman Bazaar, this building is a remarkable example of 12th century Seljuk architecture.
- The tomb of Pir Barhagh: Saint Christian man of the thirteenth century whose tomb is located in Bardsir.
- The tomb of Mir Heydar Gurkhan:This mausoleum dating from the Safavid era is located in a beautiful safavid park in the small town of Esfandagheh near Jiroft.
- The Mausoleum of Shah Nematollah Vali : Historically, it is one of the most important historical mausoleums in the region, since Nematollah Vali, poet and mystic, was the founder in the 15th century of the Sufi school of Nematollahyeh. The mausoleum is located in Mahan, southeast of Kerman.
- The tomb of Akhound: Brick building remarkable for its vaults and iwan with nine openings.
- The tomb of Prince Hossein Joupar: This mausoleum, located in Joupar near Kerman, dates from the Safavid era.
- The Mausoleum of Amir Heydar: Also dating from the Safavid era, the tomb of this Safavid prince is located in Esfandagheh, near Jiroft.
- The Mausoleum of King Firouz: 5 km southeast of the citadel of Sirjan, the mausoleum of King Firouz overlooks the village of Vahdatabad. The mausoleum is arched on a dark green rock culminating at 30 meters. According to the inhabitants, the tomb inside is that of Abu Kalijar or his son, poisoned dead. The architectural style dates back to the building of the Ilkhanid period, in the 13th and 14th centuries.
- The Moshtaghi Mausoleum: This mausoleum is also that of a Sufi schoolmaster. This time, it is the school of Moshtag Ali Shah, living at the time qadjair (late eighteenth-nineteenth centuries). After the assassination of Moshtag in 1791, he was buried in what was already the tomb of a local saint and the place became famous under the name Moshtaghih. This place is also called "the three domes", since three domes cover the three tombs of the building.
A shopping area and stage of the Silk Road, Kerman also includes many historical caravanserais, dating mainly from the Safavid era.
- Ghotb Abad's Caravanserai: This Safavid Caravanserai is a city caravanserai, still active in the heart of the Ghotb Abad Rafsanjan bazaar.
- The caravanserai of Kabutar Khan: Safavid caravanserai of relays, it is to be seen to 30 km in the south-east of the city of Rafsanjan, on the road of Kerman, in the borough of Kaboutar Khan. This building is historically and architecturally important because of the historical events that took place there.
- Chahar Sough's Caravanserai: Built at Kerman, this caravanserai is close to Ganjali Khali's caravanserai and includes two openings, one in the Saraji bazaar and the other opening on the Ghaleh bazaar.
- The Caravanserai and the Vakil Complex: This complex, built in the city next to the Safavid caravanserai of Ganjali Khan, dates back to the Qadjair period. Its construction, begun by order of the governor of Kerman, Mohammad Esmail Khan Vakil-ol-Molk, ended in 1870 under the governorate of Mortezagholi Khan. This caravanserai and the surrounding complex is one of the largest in Iran.
- The caravanserai of Mirza Alinaghi, that of Hindus and Mirza Hassan: These three small caravanserais date from the Safavid era.
In this desert region, water and its preservation are obviously of particular importance. Thus, independent attention has been paid to the construction of water reservoirs, which are often unique architectural monuments. We can mention here the two best-known reservoirs:
- Shah Nematollah Vali reservoir: This ancient reservoir is located in Mahan, in the complex surrounding the tomb of the famous Sufi. It was built at the same time as the tomb and dates from the 15th century.
-The reservoir of Alimardan Khan and his father Ganjali Khan: These two reservoirs of water, dating from the Safavid era and located in the heart of the city of Kerman in the Ganjali Khan Complex, are both remarkable for their the finesse and attention paid to the functional details of their architecture.
It also remains to report the large houses of Kerman. These houses, belonging to the noble and the great merchants of the region, constitute jewels of the historical architecture of Kerman. These include Governor Mirhosseini's house in Rayen, dating from the Zand era, and Baharolmolk's house in Bardsir, which dates back to the Qadjare period.
The city of Kerman, a very old merchant stage, has several bazaars, most of which are centuries old and still in operation. Getting lost is a pleasure.
As for the mosques, they are undoubtedly collections of history of architecture and even archeology, since some have been built on the remains of pre-Islamic temples. Kerman can be named the Mosque of Imam, dating from the Seljuk era (eleventh century) and the Palmenar mosque dating from the reign of Al-e Mozaffar (thirteenth century), the Vakil mosque built in 1773 by order of Vakil -ol-Molk, which was renovated during the 19th century; in Sirjan, the Seyyed mosque dating from 1846, in Shahdad, the Seljuk mosque, an old building of which only some walls, a part of the roof and cupola as well as the shabestan remain, the whole being entirely in adobe. In Sirjan is also the mosque of the citadel of Peter, which, according to the tablet that adorns its entrance, dates from the Mozafarid era (thirteenth century).
Next to the mosques, a few big schools, now mostly abandoned, also offer the charm of a beautiful architecture. We can mention the Ganjali Khan school in Kerman, built in 1598 by Mohammad Soltani Yazdi, the Shafi'yeh school, built by the grandson of Ganjali Khan and the school of Ebrahim Khan, which belongs to the Shia movement. Sheykhiyeh.
Living in a desert region and yet rich, Kermanis have a long tradition of creating gardens; the natural harshness of their environment pushing them to create real green jewels. Some of these large gardens are nowadays a must-see for locals who come to enjoy their natural and classic beauty.
Prince Mahan Park, a few kilometers from the city of Mahan on the slopes of Tigran Mountain, is one of the most beautiful traditional gardens in Iran. This park was laid out by Governor Qadjar Abdolhamid Farmanfarma in the 19th century.
The Harandi Museum Parkis also renowned for its beauty. This park was built at the time qadjare. Historically, the main pavilion of this park was the last Iranian stage of Reza Pahlavi in Iran, king deposed and exiled in September 1941.
Other gardens in the region are Fathabad Park, Beyramabad Park near Gavashir, Beymand Park in Sirjan, famous for its millenary cedars, Bolourd Rock Park 45 km south-east of Sirjan and Nasserieh Park. dating from the Qadjar era.