Kerman is the capital city of Kerman Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 821,374, in 221,389 households, making it the 10th most populous city of Iran.
With an area of almost 200,000 square kilometers and about 3 million inhabitants, the province of Kerman, in south-eastern Iran, covers 11% of Iran's territory, making it the largest of the Iranian provinces. The traces of human habitation in the region date back to the 4th millennium BC. This ancient past has endowed this province with a collection of cultural, historical and architectural treasures evocative of a thousand-year-old human civilization, combined with a unique and fantastic desert geography. On the other hand, Kerman also has a dynamic economy, in particular because of the wealth of its mining potential, in addition to agriculture and well-developed crafts.
Historically, the name Kerman derives from "Boutia" or "Karamania", a distorted version of "Germania" which was the ancient name of the people of the region. In Persian mythology, the name Kerman comes from a warrior named "German", son of the mythological king Tahmouress. Herodotus also cites the Germanians as one of the six Persian nations. The ancient capital of Kerman was "Gavashir" or "Bardshir", Gavashir being originally "Kurhardshir" meaning city of Ardeshir.
Given the age of human habitation in the region, the archaeological and prehistoric wealth of Kerman is innumerable and far from having been discovered, especially as the harshness of the desert climate makes research difficult. That said, the regions of Jiroft, Shahdad and Mahan are now in the middle of archeological exploration since excavations made it possible to reveal the existence of unknown civilizations living in Kerman six millennia ago. The archaeological site of Jiroft (the ancient civilization of Jiroft) and the expanding one of Shahdad are to visit absolutely.
Natural attractions of Kerman province
The beauty of Kerman is not limited to its historical heritage since it also offers visitors the fierce beauty of its varied landscapes. Deserts, mountains and forests form a unique ensemble. Ecotourism, especially desert ecotourism, is currently in full development in the region. Much of the territory of this province is desert and the most famous of the deserts of Kerman is undoubtedly Lout, with the phenomenal geography, place of fantastic hike, where the pure sky reveals with the glance the infinity of the stars.
Among the natural attractions of this very hot and very arid desert, where a maximum temperature of more than 70 C ° was recorded in 2005, we can notably mention the kalouts, these strange formations of sand tormented by the wind, which rise sometimes at more than 500 meters. Sand dunes, large salty lakes, especially Sirjan, rocky faults and particularly clear skies suitable for astronomical observation, in addition to a human experience of the desert, are other attractions of this desert.
The mountains of Kerman
The desert is not the only natural asset of this province, since several high mountainous and volcanic massifs also give a great climatic diversity to this province, preserving the little annual precipitations and allowing the formation of unexpected oases, such as that of Jiroft.
Hezar Mountain: At 114 km northwest of Bam, near Rayen, Mount Hezar rises to 4465 meters. The Piedmont villages of this mountain have a cold and pleasant climate due to the altitude.
The Palvar massif:This mountain range separates the south of the Lout desert from the central regions of Iran like a wall. It reaches 147 km from north-west to south-east over an area of 1450 km². The most important mountains of this chain are Tigheh Siah, Talzar, Siahkouh-e Gourk, Manirouz, Kharkhosrow and Gowdartchah.
The Pourkan or Barfdan Range:Stretching from the north-east of Shahr-e Babak, west of the town of Rafsanjan, this massif includes the Najib, Espazar, Touran, Kalateh, Tanekouh, Zowj, Bisoukhteh, Narkouh mountains. , Kamarmedvar, Kamarsefid, Sang Avaz. Most of these mountains exceed 2,500 meters, with the Kaou Kouh, which rises to 3,442 meters.
Joupar mountain: Located 43 km southeast of Kerman, this small massif at an altitude of 4135 meters includes three mountains including Sesakh Bozorg at 4200 meters and Mount Baloutchi at 4000 meters.
Other mountains to mention (and to climb) are Mount Bagh Bala at 3775 meters, where are the sources of several rivers such as Tchatr, Ghadamgah mountain and Mount Sarmoshk, culminating at 4048 meters, at 105 km northwest of Jiroft.
The many mountains of the region, sometimes volcanic, also shelter thermal springs, some of which have been developed. One can quote the source Hossein Abad 33 km north-west of Rayen, the source of the citadel Asgar 11 km from the town of Soltan Abad south of Kerman, whose water is known for its effective therapeutic properties against rheumatism, the thermal spring of Ghassem Abad long frequented by the inhabitants for its healing properties especially against bone diseases. This spring is located 6 km east of the city Rafsanjan. Also worthy of mention is the thermal spring of Teh-khatoun east of Kerman 13 km from the village of Joushan, whose water is known for its calming effect for nervous diseases and bone diseases, as well as thermal springs. Gherghereh Babatorsh 40 km from Rayen and Abaragh southeast of Kerman and 11 km north of the village of Abaragh.