North of Takhte Soleiman, in the mountainous region of Alborz, the large Kelar dasht sedimentary valley, which dates from the Tertiary, slowly descends from its 1250 meters altitude.


Kelar Dasht: the Iranian Paradise


North of Takhte Soleiman, in the mountainous region of Alborz, the large Kelar dasht sedimentary valley, which dates from the Tertiary, slowly descends from its 1250 meters altitude.

Once Karadj and Tchalus passed, we reach the valley of Kelar near Sard Abrud. This very rich and fertile land, in the heart of a forest region with large ravines, on the northern slope of Takht Soleiman, offers a typical mountain landscape.

The Kelar dasht region with its 39 villages is located in a small valley in the Chālūs region. It is connected by two main roads to Karadj and to the shores of the Caspian Sea. The road that leads to Kelar dasht is about 20 kilometers from the village of Marzan Abad, which is on the main road.

The second road by Abbas Abad, on the secondary road, between Tchalus and Tonekabon, is 25 kilometers long and passes through the forest of Mekarud, west of the valley.

The climate in this region is mountainous. The cool and temperate summers will make you forget the harsh winters of the region. It is precisely this particular climate that attracts tourists to this snow-covered area, home to one of the largest glaciers in the world: Mount Alam Kuh at 4845 meters above sea level, which is particularly popular with mountaineers, due in part to ski slopes, open even during the hot season. You can also enjoy a gondola ride that will take you to the beaches of the Caspian Sea. So you can ski during the day and swim in the afternoon .......

The opening of the Tehran-Côtes du Nord motorway, which will reduce the distance with the capital to 120 km, should allow the tourist boom of this region. Although the influx of Iranian or foreign tourists has been responsible for a sometimes irreparable devastation, the region and its natural sites.

The snow-capped peaks attract tourists. The summit of Alam Kuh, for example, welcomes each year mountaineers Iranian, French, Italian, German and Polish. Expeditions that, given the difficulties of the course, have unfortunately, sometimes ended regrettably.

We will mention here the main climbs of this summit.

1- German Expedition in 1946

2 - French expeditions in 1954 and 1966

3 - Iran-Germany Expedition in 1966

4- Polish Expeditions of 1969 and 1971

5- Iranian Expeditions in 1982 and 84

And finally the last climb of the very difficult slope of Alam Kuh by the Iranian team in 1987.

Places of rest and refuges have been created on the course, the largest of which belongs to the mountaineering federation which is at the beginning of the course, at the foot of the mountain.

The most famous peaks of the region outside Alam Kuh which is all year covered with snow, are the peaks of Zarin Kuh, 4750 meters above sea level, Salomon, 4643 meters, Kuh Sia Kaman, 4560 meters , and Garmab Sar, 4220 meters.

These mountains from which flows the famous river "Sard Ab Rud" are a reserve of water for the irrigation of the whole region.

A dream nature
What first attracts the attention of tourists, is the huge valley that stretches between high peaks. Forests and mountains form two distinct ensembles whose proximity to the Caspian Sea is another asset. The road in the middle of the forest to reach the seaside, is about 25 km and is a pleasure that no tourist would deprive.

Lake Valacht, near the village of Sama, is fed by underground springs and springs around the lake. This lake located at an altitude of 1100 meters, is about 650 meters long. Surrounded by reeds, it is a paradise for fishermen, bathers and lovers of boat trips.

It is also home to wild geese and other migratory birds in winter. Located 14 km from the main road, it is accessible by many secondary roads that pass through the villages.

The development of tourism in this region, can be a source of important income for the state, for the investors and the inhabitants of the region, especially for the tourists of the countries of the Persian Gulf, of course within the framework of a project which respect the standards and the environment.

Assadollah

The tourist interest of Kelar dasht region
Kelar dasht is located 170 km from Tehran, in a mountainous region, west of the province of Mozandaran.

The main city is Hassan Kyf, located southwest of Chalus. Kelar, which is the ancient name of the region, was also that of a city and fortress in antiquity. The population of Kelar dasht, counting Marzan Abad and the surrounding villages, does not exceed 40,000 inhabitants in winter. It is with the arrival of the spring and the beautiful season, that the population will reach sometimes the 100.000 inhabitants of which only 30% speak Persian, the rest speaking the dialect of the region called Laki or Gilani.

For almost 4000 years, kings and people from the region and the surrounding area have enjoyed this region for, among other things, its large lake, located 15 km from Hassan Kyf, and fed by underground springs and 40 meters.

There are also other famous sources such as Rud Barak and Amir Chechmeh. Another great interest of the region is the magnificent forest of Abas Abad, which stretches 35 km from Hassan Kyf to Hassan Abad. Feel free to visit the hotel Djam, not far from the palace of Reza Khan and whose decoration is inspired by the legends of Ferdowsi. This entire beautiful region is dotted with wooden chalets, planted at the foot of Gerakpas Hill. Do not forget to visit the forest of Essou, the valley of Mazi Chal, the throne of Solomon 40 kilometers from the center of Kelar dasht, through the old villages of Velval and Makakeh west of Hassan Kyf , where just 6 kilometers further are the Medjel Woods. Not to mention the inexhaustible sources of hot water and all the villages and bazaars typical of the region.