Kashan is a city in the Isfahan province of Iran. Kashan is the first of the large oases along the Qom-Kerman road which runs along the edge of the central deserts of Iran.


Kashan is a city in the Isfahan province of Iran. Kashan is the first of the large oases along the Qom-Kerman road which runs along the edge of the central deserts of Iran. It is the second largest city in the province of Isfahan, It is located 242 km south of Tehran.
It is not very large, only 320,000 inhabitants.
It is located near the famous prehistoric hills of Sialk (6th millennium / 8th century BC).
The etymology of Kashan name comes from the Kasian, the original inhabitants of the city, whose remains are found at Tapeh Sialk dating back 9,000 years; later this was changed to "Kashian", hence the town name. Between the 12th and the 14th centuries Kashan was an important centre for the production of high quality pottery and tiles. In modern Persian, the word for a tile (kashi) comes from the name of the town.

Kashan is divided into two parts: mountainous and desert. In the west side, Kashan is cited in the neighbourhood of two of highest peaks of Karkas chain, Mount Gargash to the southwest of Kashan (the home of Iran national observatory, the largest astronomical telescope of Iran) and Mount Ardehaal in the west of Kashan, also known as "Damavand of Kashan" and the highest peak of Ardehaal mountains (end part of Karkas chain in central Iran).

In the east side of the city, Kashan opens up to the central desert of Iran which the city is famous for. Kashan is also known for Maranjab Desert and Caravanserai located near the namak lake (or salt lake). Today Maranjab and the surrounding Shifting Sands is a popular destination at the weekends.
Most of the objects discovered in this part of Kashan are exhibited in the National Museum in Tehran.


Its charm is mainly due to the contrast between the parched immensities of the deserts and the greenery of the well-tended oasis. Archeological discoveries in the Sialk Hillocks reveal that this region was one of the primary centers of civilization in pre-historic ages.
Kashan dates back to the Elamite period of Iran. The Sialk ziggurat still stands today in the suburbs of Kashan after 7000 years. Due to its numerous historical places, Kashan is a common destination for foreign tourists after world known Iranian historical cities such as Isfahan and Shiraz,.
In the 10th century, during the Seljuk dynasty, Sultan Malik Shah I built a fortress in Kashan, the walls of which are still in ruins. The hammam of Soltan Amir Ahmad and the famous garden Bagh-e end, where the assassination of Chancellor Nasseredin Shah Amir Kabir took place.

Kashan was the home town of the famous al-Kashi astronomer who worked in the 14th century in collaboration with prince-astronomer Oulough Beg in Samarkand.


The carpet of Kashan

Between the attack of the Afghans in 1722 and the end of the nineteenth century, the production of carpets of Kashan, passed through an empty moment.

Following this period of truce, the production of Persian carpets was resumed using a high quality wool. This first raise was called Kashan Motashemi. The Kashan tapestry is one of the best in Iran. This is due to the quality of the wool used and their particularly tight and tight knotting, as well as the diversity of patterns and colors.

The carpets have a background decorated with a central medallion with two crowns flowered from bottom to top. The rest of the field is decorated with foliage and flowers. The border is decorated with herati motifs and rosettes. Some models are knotted with silk. Most often, the background of Kashan carpets is colored in brick red or dark blue.

Arriving to Kashan
A highway connects Kashan to Tehran via Qom. Kashan is located just 2h30 hours from Tehran. Also it's accessible through Na’in and Esfahan.
From Tehran to Kashan, there are many buses, but you should make sure to get a direct one, because there are buses which go to Isfahan.  
There is also train for going to Kashan. Both the first class and the second class train connecting Bandar Abbas and Tehran stop in Kashan.
From Yazd there are two trains a day that stop at Kashan.  

In the City
Kashan is a small enough town to walk to most of the main sites, and you can get pleasantly lost walking through beautiful laneways.
Weather of Kashan
Kashan is considered to have a desert climate. In Kashan, there is virtually no rainfall during the year.