Maranjab one of the most beautiful desert areas of Iran.Long sandy hills and forests of the area worst beautiful arch. Salt Lake Aran Island Bidgol wandering around the area are spectacular.


Located to the north of the Aran-Bidgol region in the province of Isfahan, the Marandjan desert is bordered on the north by the salt lake of Aran-Bidgol, on the west by the Massileh desert and the salt lakes of Howz Soltan and Howz Mareh, to the east by the rocky desert of Bandrig and to the south by the towns of Kashan and Aran-Bidgol.

The average altitude of the Maranjab desert is about 850 meters above sea level and much of this desert is covered with sand hills and rocky hills. Biodiversity is remarkable. Desert plants that grow there are acclimatized to desert climate and very salty soil. We can notably mention gas and ghich. As for wildlife, it includes wolves, jackals, hyenas, fennecs, lynxes, various species of reptiles, including a wide variety of lizards, chameleons, snakes, etc., as well as several species of scorpions (the region being renowned for these), as well as a wide variety of birds, including eagles and hawks. In recent years, due to improved wildlife protection, some Iranian cheetahs have also been reported.

This desert is considered to have very beautiful landscapes, which made it a popular place to visit and vacation for enthusiasts of desert hikes, who appreciate the rolling sand hills and the bushes of stag, wind-blown paces desert.

East of this desert, an old well served previously as a stopping place for caravans, allowing the camels to drink. As for the citadel of Maranjab, built in this desert near the salt lake, it was originally a caravanserai located on the route of the Silk Road, where stopped the caravans connecting Khorasan and Central Asia in Isfahan, Rey and other cities in western Iran. What turned this caravanserai into a defensive citadel in 1603, is a decision of Shah Abbas the Great, who transformed many ancient desert caravanserais into defensive citadels to prevent potential attackers such as the Uzbeks and Afghans from cutting through the deserts.

 



Thus, this citadel includes high defensive towers lined with watchtowers, formerly guarded by a troop of 500 men, whose duty was to ensure the safety of goods transiting to China or Europe. The qanat that supplies the citadel in freshwater is also architecturally remarkable, as it has been able to provide fresh water for centuries even though the soil's salt density in the area is well above average.

The best seasons to visit this region are autumn, winter and spring, especially during the second half of the lunar months, the desert show during these long clear nights not to be missed. Finally, it should be noted that due to the opportunities offered by the atmospheric clarity, this desert is also a gathering place for astronomical observers.