The Karaftou Cave
The Karaftou cave is one of the touristic sites in the province of Kurdistan and is located 72 km north of Divandareh, near the village of Youzbashi Kandi. Takab Road is the easiest way to get there.
The Karaftou cave is one of the touristic sites in the province of Kurdistan and is located 72 km north of Divandareh, near the village of Youzbashi Kandi. Takab Road is the easiest way to get there. According to researchers, in the Mesozoic, the cave was under water and emerged gradually at the end of this era.
Karaftou is a four-storey natural lime cave with a depth of 750 m. The Karaftou cave is located in a lime mountain near which are shelters and pits, as well as two sources of water. In summer, the air of the cave is very cool and in winter, it is very cold. Some parts of the cave are flooded and can only be visited by boat.
It seems that this cave was inhabited from the beginning of Prehistory. Twenty-two thousand pottery from various periods, including the Arsacid and Sassanid dynasty, were found there, which would seem to indicate that the cave was inhabited again in the 3rd century BC. In the course of time, its inhabitants modified the inner shape of the cave to create several rooms, halls and corridors linked to each other. Windows overlooking the outside have also been "dug" into the rock. You can admire many engravings on the inner walls representing mainly animals, plants and men. In addition, an epigram in Greek appears on the pediment of one of the rooms of the third floor on which one can read: "Heracles lives in this cave, that the evil does not enter it!" From the fourteenth century, it became a place of defense and took the name of "fortress". Due to its age and unique architecture, it attracts many tourists from the region and from all over Iran.