In the south of Iran, the province of Hormozgan and its islands in the Persian Gulf welcome a large number of tourists all year round, thanks to their many natural and historical attractions.


In the south of Iran, the province of Hormozgan and its islands in the Persian Gulf welcome a large number of tourists all year round, thanks to their many natural and historical attractions. The history of this region and that of the life of its people along the Persian Gulf coast dates back to the ancient period when it was given an important place during the reign of the Achaemenids, the capital of the latter being quite close to the region. From the time of the Achaemenid era, then during the Sassanid reign, the maritime trade flourishes in the region and the ports of the Persian Gulf serve as a stopover for ships sometimes making the trip to China or Ceylon.

The many historical monuments of the Hormozgan province, dating back to various ancient or Islamic periods, reflect its antiquity and the prosperity of its civilization throughout history. Although the majority of these monuments date from the Safavid and post-Safavid eras and most of the archaeological riches have been ravaged by natural elements or invasions, there are still beautiful old buildings, such as the late Citadel of the Reign from Ardeshir Babakan, or the Medved Fortresses of the historic town of Khorbas on Gheshm Island.

The Portuguese were the first Europeans to send their warships into the Persian Gulf in 1498. The following year, they had invaded the islands of Hormoz (Ormuz) and Kish which they ruled from Bandar Abbas for longer. of a century, until the liberation of this region by the Safavid Shah Abbas who put an end to their domination of 117 years. Today, vestiges of this presence are still to be seen on some islands of this province.

Bandar Abbas, a port town near the Strait of Hormuz, is the capital of the province of Hormozgan, as well as the largest port of Iran. This city is separated from Gheshm Island by the region's mangrove forests, called harras. The most famous historical monuments of this city are the Emarat-e Kolah Farangi, the Gele-dari mosque, the Hammam Gele-dari, the Hindu temple, the Nasseri mosque, the water reservoirs of the Berkeley Safavid period. haye Baran and the bridge Latidan.

Bandar Lengeh, one of the most important commercial ports of the Achaemenid era, which has sometimes regained its former importance in recent centuries, is today a tourist port renowned for its beautiful ponds, as well as its historical monuments. These include the historic mosques of Khodadd and Soltan-ol-olama, the Fekri residence or the Achaemenid citadel of Lashtan north-west of Kang Harbor, which served as a base for the Portuguese during their occupation in the 16th century.

Also worthy of note is the small town of Fin, 95 km southwest of Bandar Abbas, for its wealth of natural and historical assets, including waterfalls, palm groves, mills, citadel and old hammam.

Other cities of the province like Bandar Kang and its Portuguese fortress; Bastak and its particularly rich history and culture, with numerous historical monuments, such as its mosques, its bazaar, its hammam and its old caravanserai, as well as its Do-gonbadan mausoleum; Minab and its river, its mango cultures and its citadel Hezareh; Hajjiabad with its waterfalls and citadel; Jask with its coast, mangrove forests, caves and hot spring Pouraf make this region an important tourist destination in Iran.

Of the fourteen dependent islands in Hormozgan province, Gheshm, Kish, Hormoz and Hengam are the most visited tourist spots.

Gheshm, located in the Strait of Hormoz (Ormuz), about twenty kilometers from Bandar Abbas, is the largest island in the Persian Gulf, with a dry and hot climate. It has the largest natural salt cave in the world.

The geological phenomena of Gheshm Island, including its salt caves and sulfur springs, as well as its beautiful valleys, its 25 kilometers of unspoilt coastline, its rich and varied natural environment, in addition to the variety of its Its flora and fauna prompted the authorities, with the collaboration of UNESCO, to transform 1500 km2 of this island into a geopark and protected marine area.

The beautiful salt caves of southern Gheshm Island are remarkable for their arched opening and the unexpected brightness of the interior, where the sun's rays penetrate to a depth of 20 meters. The walls of these caves are covered with salt and layers of various minerals. Inside, the salt crystals form columns with characteristic geometrical shapes. According to recent medical studies, inhaling the air from these caves could have a positive effect in the treatment of certain respiratory diseases such as asthma.

The Portuguese fortress, the Naderi citadel, the historic mosques, the mausoleum of Seyyed Mozaffar and Bibi Maryam, many ponds and lakes, the salt domes, the Khorbas caves, the beaches where sea turtles come to nest, especially near from the village of Shib-Deraz, the protected natural area of ​​Geno and the harra mangrove forests are important tourist attractions for the beautiful island of Gheshm.

Economic free zone since 1989, this island is the subject of a development plan, including among other projects the development of an international airport.

Kish Island, another free zone in the region, located about 300 kilometers from the port of Bandar Abbas, is one of the most important tourist attractions of southern Iran and even the entire Persian Gulf. It has many shopping malls, shops, tourist attractions and tourist hotels. The beauty of the beaches and coasts of this coral island offers the opportunity to observe beautiful sunrises and sunsets.

The palm groves, the squares, the docks and the well-developed coastal parks, the Bird Park, the unusual Eastern Aquarium, where live marine species of warm water, pearl culture centers, the Greek boat, recreational complexes at the Recreation Wharf and the Green Tree (Derakht-e Sabz), as well as major hotels, traditional bazaars and modern shopping centers are some of the tourist attractions of Kish Island. There is also the traditional architecture of the island, which today rubs shoulders with the modern architecture of new constructions.

Hormoz, with its beautiful coastline, is the other tourist island of the province, known for its salt dome. The Portuguese fortress is also to be seen. What distinguishes Hormoz from other islands in the province is its colorful land. This feature, which has been exploited by artists for the creation of beautiful sand carpets, also contributes to the popularity of this island among tourists.

The island of Hengam, it is to visit for its dolphins, turtles, gazelles, crocodile breeding park, mountains, red soil and beautiful coral coast, rocky or sandy.