The many natural attractions of Hormozgan truly unfold a virgin and exceptional nature under the eyes of visitors generally conquered by the wonderful beauty of this hot region of southern Iran.



The many natural attractions of Hormozgan truly unfold a virgin and exceptional nature under the eyes of visitors generally conquered by the wonderful beauty of this hot region of southern Iran.

The Harra mangrove forest: The Harra mangrove, which covers an area of ​​about 20 km2, lies between Gheshm Island and the Iranian Gulf coast. This maritime forest is essentially composed of a local tree, the harra, measuring 3 to 6 meters in height, which feeds on seawater. Depending on the tides, the trees are more or less sunk into the water. The site is also interesting in that it is home to a hundred species of birds, reptiles and fish. You can admire flamingos, pelicans, eagles, turtles and aquatic snakes.

The scarcity and diversity of animal species in this mangrove, including the species of reptiles living there, has made part of the island a biosphere reserve protected by UNESCO.

Geno Protected Reserve:Located north of Bandar Abbas, Geno is a protected natural area, a national park and another UNESCO protected biosphere reserve. This area consists of a mountainous body located in the middle of a large expanse of plains and hills. The variety of fauna and flora, including the existence of various endemic and migratory bird species, as well as various mammals, alongside more than 360 plant species, contributes to making this region a geotourism hub.

Geno Mountain, right in the middle of this reserve and located 29 km northwest of Bandar Abbas, rises to 2347 meters. As a result, its fairly moderate temperatures for this warm region contribute to the variety of the ecosystem of this area.

The hot spring of Geno, 34 km north-east of Bandar Abbas and located in a valley surrounded to the north and south by the Geno mountain and the limestone heights of the region, offers its healing properties to visitors and the beauty of its varied landscapes.

Hot Springs: Several thermal springs dot the area and attract visitors. In addition to the thermal spring of Geno, we can also mention the sources of Khamir, Hajji-Abad, Khorgu, Nian, Farrib, Chark, Khas, Dah-Sheikh, etc.

The Salt Cave of Gheshm: The largest salt cave in the world with over 6000 m in length, located in Gheshm, is one of the most important eco-tourism attractions of this island. A salt underground river runs through the cave from the surface up to 160 meters deep.

The Valley of the Stars:The Valley of Stars is also the subject of regular visits. This valley of the Gheshm Geopark is to be seen at night, and its name comes from the spectacle it presents of the sky, because the sky and the stars seem to be very close to the earth. Sharp cones and columns from erosion are also unique landscapes.

The Chuh-Kouh (Mountain of the Well) parade: The Chuh-Kouh parade, also located in the Gheshm Geopark, is a natural open-air exhibition of erosion of sedimentary rocks. The extraordinary shapes and figures carved by the elements on the walls of this narrow gorge are worth seeing. The crevasses caused by the wind and the torrential rains have been dug over millions of years, the gorge now looks like a narrow gallery. The streams that appear during the rainy season add to the phantasmagorical beauty of the site.

The caves of Khorbas:The Khorbas caves, very old geological manifestations, were formerly inhabited. These caves, where vestiges of troglodyte life still exist, are linked together by internal passages. Today, they are home to a species of bat and provide especially eagles that live on the small mountain of Khorbas.

Dolphin Park: With an area of ​​approximately 100 hectares, Dolphin Park, southeast of Kish, is a recreational complex where various species of marine animals such as dolphins, seals, etc. are kept. The dolphin shows in this park are unique in Iran.

The Bird Garden: In the Dolphin Park complex is the Kish Bird Garden, home to 57 species of birds, including pelicans, swans, ostriches, storks, parrots and penguins.

 

Historic sites and monuments of Hormozgan



The attractions of this province are not limited to natural beauties. The ancient history of Hormozgan has also seen the creation of many architectural works some of which are still standing, welcoming visitors today.

The mausoleum of Seyyed Mozaffar: The mosque of Seyyed Mozaffar alongside the mausoleum of the same name where lies one of the descendants of the seventh Imam Shiites, Imam Moussa Kazem. With four minarets, the whole is fully tiled.

The underground water city of Kish: The underground network of canals or Kariz de Kish, more than two millennia old and until quite recently the source of the island's drinking water thanks to the natural filtering of water through the walls coral, is one of the best preserved archaeological sites in Iran. The fresh air, the clear water and the coral ceiling embellished with old stones add to the charm of this underground city nowadays arranged to facilitate the visit of the tourists.

The historic city of Harireh: The historic city of Harireh, located north of Kish and covering an area of ​​120 hectares, attests to the antiquity of this region. According to archaeological research, it was a city comprising a coastal complex, opulent houses, hammams, mosques and underground canals.

Portuguese fortifications:The Portuguese fortifications are also among the historical attractions of this province. These military fortifications, sometimes built in fortresses and sometimes built on the remains of ancient citadels, generally date from the first decade of the sixteenth century. They can be visited on the islands of Gheshm, Kang and Hormoz. The Portuguese fortress of Gheshm, with its four towers and impressive ramparts, where guns and catapults were installed, served as a reserve armory and provided assistance to other posts when needed. In 2008, a tunnel dug by the Portuguese linking the fortress to the Khorbas caves south of Gheshm was discovered.

The Latidan Bridge:One of the most impressive historical sites in this province is the Latidan Bridge in Bandar Abbas. Buried for centuries, it reappeared through a flood in 1993. With a length of over 1000 m, it is one of the longest historical bridges in Iran. Dating back to the Safavid era, it was built on the direct order of Shah Abbas I, who used it during the liberation of the areas occupied by the Portuguese. After the military expedition, the bridge then facilitated the passage of cargo caravans.

The Berkeh-haye Baran water reservoir complex: At Hormozgan, the water reservoir is traditionally called berkeh (pond). The ensemble of Berkeh-haye Baran in Bandar Abbas includes five water reserves or berkeh with beautiful traditional architecture, notably visible on the domes and the four water transfer ways. Dating from the Safavid era, these tanks built to store rainwater once provided the city with fresh water.

Emarat-e Kolah Farangi: The Emarat-e Kolah Farangi building was the seat of the historic customs of Bandar Abbas and a trading house dating back to the Safavid era. Built by the Dutch in the 16th century and European architectural style, this large fortified building included sixteen towers and three gates.

Citadel Hezareh or Bibi Minou: The citadel Hezareh is the only important historical monument of the city of Minab. According to regional folklore, this citadel was inhabited by two sisters, Bibi Minou and Bibi Nazanin, founders of the city of Minab. This citadel, today rather damaged, nevertheless served as administrative center until the end of the nineteenth century.

The Citadel of Fin: The citadel of Fin, dating from the Ilkhanid dynasty and marked by the Ilkhanid military architecture, is the most important historical monument of this city. Unfortunately, it was hit by an earthquake in 2007.

The caravanserai of Bastak: This caravanserai is located in the city of the same name west of Hormozgan, on the old trade route linking Bandar Lengeh to Bandar Abbas. It dates from the time qadjare (eighteenth-nineteenth century).

Gele-dari Mosque:This ancient mosque of Bandar Abbas includes a large and beautiful inner courtyard, a unique style minaret and a large shabestan with 36 columns adorned with stucco.

The traditional bath (hammam) Gele-dari: The old hammam Gele-dari, rectangular building whose roof includes five small and five large domes and a dozen ventilation openings, has now become the museum of anthropology of Bandar Abbas.

The Fekri Residence: The Fekri Residence in Bandar Lengeh is a fine example of Qadjar architecture in the area. Architecturally rather original, this residence, including two courtyards around which rooms have been built, is to be visited among others for the stucco decorations and low and high-reliefs that adorn it.