Doroud, at the foot of Oshtoran-Kouh (Part II)
With a population of 200,000, the department of Doroud is, demographically, the third of Lorestan, after Khorram Abad and Boroudjerd.
With a population of 200,000, the department of Doroud is, demographically, the third of Lorestan, after Khorram Abad and Boroudjerd. The urban area of Doroud, in its current location, was formed less than 150 years ago, and was originally intended to house the workers of industries located in the city. But the plains and the hills around the city, especially in Silakhor, are endowed with historical remnants of the Iron Age, between 1300 and 700 BC. J.-C. Doroud is today an economic pole of the region. Many Doroudis work or are shareholders of the cement company of Doroud, listed on the country's national stock exchange. The first part of this plant was inaugurated in 1959, with a production of 300 tons per day. Nowadays, with its three operational parts, this company has the nominal capacity of 4500 tons of cement per day. The Doroud cement plant also produces particular types of cement used in oil drilling and dam construction. With the extension of the urban area of Doroud, however, the authorities must begin to control the negative impacts of this cement plant on the environment and the health of residents. The Banihashem metallurgical complex and the 60 MW Gas Power Plant are the other signs of Doroud's industrial development. Agriculture is another aspect of the economy of this city. The rice fields of Doroud produce a high quality rice and can compete in this sector with the Iranian cities of the southern Caspian Sea. The climate of Doroud gives this city the opportunity to become a strategic agricultural hub. After the provinces of the north of the country, Lorestan province is the third province from the point of view of water resources. Unfortunately, due to the realization of a highly disputed project, much of the water of this province is transported by long pipes and important tunnels towards the central provinces of Iran, especially the holy city of Qom . This project was widely criticized by the people and the deputies of Lorestan in the Iranian parliament. The water wells of some villages in Lorestan have already dried up. Advocates of the environment in turn warn about the harmful aspects of this project on the ecosystem of Lorestan. The controversy was so serious that one of the great Ayatollahs of the holy city of Qom announced in a fatwa that the use of this water would be allowed only after the authorization of its local owners in Lorestan!
The railway facilitates access to Doroud for the transportation of passengers and goods. This railroad connects Doroud on one side to Tehran, and on the other to the strategic port of Khorramshahr at the mouth of the Arvand-Roud River towards the Persian Gulf. Khorramabad airport can also be used for tourists who plan to visit the sublime nature of the Doroud region.
The people of Doroud are Lor, an Arian tribe who has always played a leading role in the country's political scene, from the Elamite and pre-Achaemenid times to the present day. The Dorian dialect that is spoken at Doroud is derived from Old Persian and as the linguists point out, it is a branch of the Iranian languages of Western Iran. The Kassites seem to be the ancestors of this ethnic group who still kept their nomadic and tribal traditions in certain regions.
The bronzes of Lorestan are the treasures of an undeniable value of many prestigious museums in the world like the Louvre Museum in Paris or the British Museum in London. The majority of these bronze objects are related to the art of horse riding, and the figures representing elements of the nomadic life and mountain animals are very similar to the Kassite bronzes of the Caucasus, the place of their passage during the first Arian migration flows to the Iranian plateau. The Trees are also probably related to the Median civilization. The present habit of the lore tribes bears a strong resemblance to that of the men in the Achaemenid bas-reliefs. Very warm, the inhabitants of Doroud are extremely open and hospitable to their guests. It may be for this reason that the hotel industry and the construction of tourist accommodation are not profitable activities in this city. Families remain of patriarchal tradition: women are not allowed to share their meals alongside male guests outside the family. The close family circle is a larger entity than other more modern areas of Iran; it includes grandparents and sometimes even uncles and aunts. There are still violent conflicts between rival clans in rural areas. The women wear a veil, the majority a black chador, and those who have no chador are mainly non-local, especially the students of the Free University of Doroud. The men are mainly religious and practicing. The folkloric music lori is of a great variety and is practiced during the festivals and the mourning, in the prayers and in the epics. Musicians and singers in the region gave several performances abroad, as in France. Among the musicians from Doroud, we can mention the Sorna Master, Shah Mirza Moradi, the winner of the prize for the best musician in the section of the wind instruments at the music festival of Avignon in 1991. During this festival, the French him have awarded the title of "pearl of the ocean". Professor Ali Akbar Shekartchi, master of kamantcheh (instrument of the origin of the violin) and author of various works on folk music of Lorestan, has also already given several concerts in Europe and the United States. Loris Tcheknavorian, a great Iranian composer of Armenian origin who is well known in Iran and Armenia, is also a native of Lorestan. Lorie literature has been transmitted through centuries in an oral and traditional way. Folk stories, nomadic poems, love songs and epic songs are the highlights of this literature. The love, the epic and the praise of tribal virtues appear as the main themes of the literary and cultural heritage of Greater Lorestan, the nest of Zagros' rash eagles.