Damghan is one of the cities of Semnan province, located 340 km from Tehran, this city, named Sad Darvazeh (City of Hundred Doors), was the capital of the Arsacid empire. In the Greek texts, the name of this city is Hacatopolis.
Damghan is one of the cities of Semnan province, located 340 km from Tehran, this city, named Sad Darvazeh (City of Hundred Doors), was the capital of the Arsacid empire. In the Greek texts, the name of this city is Hacatopolis. Thanks to its privileged geographical situation, Damghan extends from the Alborz, in the north, to the desert to the south. This historic city has unique natural and historical attractions and has the potential to be considered a tourist destination. Damghan attracts many tourists who find their account from the mountains to the desert. The historic Hisār Hill, the unique Tarikhhane Mosque, the Great Mosque, the Pir-e Alamdar Tower, Moloudkhane, Chêshme-Ali and the Tchehel-dokhtar Tower are monuments that make Damghan an attractive city.
What to see in Damghan
Cheshmeh - Ali
Cheshmeh - Ali is one of the permanent sources of Damghan, 30 km north of the city. Thanks to its green foliage and the pleasant climate of this region, it has been frequented since ancient times. During the Qadjar period many buildings were built around Cheshmeh Ali whose Fat'hali Shah and Mohammad Agha Khan palaces still stand. The palace of Fat'hali Shah is built in the middle of a lagoon placed between the first and the second spring and the palace of Agha Mohammad Khan is in front of the old palace. Cheshmeh - Ali has always interested tourists.
To the southeast of the city, you can see an example of the ancient Iranian mosque. The architecture of this mosque resembles the castle of Firouzabad, its plan is fully comparable with the plans of the Sassanid monuments. This mosque is the first mosque with minaret in Iran, the main minaret with rectangular base was rebuilt at the time Seljuk and some minarets were added. Tarikhane, in the Seljuk language, means the house of God.
The cloud forest
Constituting one of the most beautiful panoramas of Iran, the cloud forest in Shahroud is one of the oldest and most beautiful parts of the Hyrcanian forests (Buxus hyrcana). It has rare plant and animal species. This forest has 35 000 hectares of surface and is located in the forests of the north of the country. It is called "cloud forest" because of the remarkable presence of clouds, so close to the trees that it looks like the forest rests on them. You can really walk between the clouds.
This forest, part of the Hyrcanian forests, belongs to the third geological era. The altitude, the low temperature in summer, the presence of the fountains, and the rich forest floor contribute to the peculiarity of this forest. Average rainfall varies between 400 and 500 millimeters per year. On average, the maximum temperature is 20 ° C and the minimum temperature is 6 ° C. The Aluchal, Abchoreche, and Abchar springs flow in all seasons in this region. Here are 3 reasons why this forest is important:
-It is part of the Hyrcanian forests, and there are exceptional medicinal plants.
-It is located between two ecosystems: that of semi-arid zones and forest areas. So we can see both needle-leaf trees and broad-leaved trees. This phenomenon also plays an important role on the animal species of this region.
-The particular geography of the region, where a high-altitude area rubs a rather low area, leads to the formation of an ocean of clouds in this region. This can be considered as an exceptional phenomenon in the world.
The cloud forest is located in a place where the width of the Alborz mountains decreases. Then the clouds stuck behind the mountains escape south through valleys. It is for this reason that from the afternoon, it seems that the forest rests on the clouds, and this continues to increase until midnight because of the cooling of the air. The proximity of two zones, one of high pressure and the other of low pressure (the Gorgân countryside and the cloud zone), sends the clouds down to the ground.
This forest is a real museum of nature, thanks to the presence of 85 species of plants such as: oak, maple, thyme, clover, beech, Alnus serrulata, Celtis australis (Micocoulier of Provence) and the family Plumbaginaceae, Acer cappadocicum, Caryophyllaceae, Chamelaucium, and the rare species such as Ulmus (elm), Sorbus torminalis (Torbus tree), Taxus baccata (common yew), etc. It is the particular climate of this forest that allows the development of different trees; some of them rest on the ground and create a beautiful landscape. Known in Iran as a great source of medicinal plants, this forest attracts tourists and hikers from all over the world. Among the animals present in this forest, we can mention the brown bear, the wolf, the panther, the wild pig, the jackal, the fox, the rabbit, the goat, the snake, and among the birds we can name the partridge , the pigeon, the quail, the eagle, the vulture, the hawk, the cuckoo and the pheasant.