Ardabil is known for its silk and carpet trade tradition. Ardabil rugs are renowned and the ancient Ardabil Carpets are considered some of the best of the classical Persian carpet creations. Ardabil is also known as the seat of a World Heritage Site: the Ardabil Shrine, the sanctuary and tomb of Shaikh Safî ad-Dîn, eponymous founder of the Safavid dynasty.


Ardabil, also known as Ardebil and formerly Artavil, is a province of Iran located in Iranian Azerbaijan on the west coast of the Caspian Sea. Established in 1993 by detachment from the province of Azerbaijan-Oriental, it is at the origin of the Safavid dynasty.

The Ardabil is located in the north-west of Iran. It is bordered by the Republic of Azerbaijan to the north, the Gilan to the south-east, the Zanjan province to the south and the eastern province of Azerbaijan to the west. The province of Ardabil covers an area of ​​17,800 km2. The capital of the province, Ardabil, is located 61 km from the Caspian Sea.

The province of Ardabil is a point of contact between the mountains of Azerbaijan and the flat and fertile lands of the Caapienne. The highest point of the region lies in the Savalan Mountains, culminating in (4 811 m). A plateau sheltering the capital lies between the massifs and the coastal plain of the Caspian, which covers the eastern province. A large part of the province is covered with green forests.

 

There are many hot springs: Beele-Darreh, Sar'eyn, Sardabeh and Booshloo, which are renowned for their medicinal qualities. There are also many lakes: the largest are Ne'or, Shoorabil, ShoorGel, NouShahr and Aloocheh which serve as habitat for some species of waterfowl. Lake Ne'or is located in a mountainous area 48 km south-east of the town of Ardabil. It covers an area of ​​2.1 km2 and has an average depth of 3 meters. It is fed by sources located at the bottom of the lake. Lake Shoorabil is located in a hilly area to the south of the town of Ardabil and covers an area of ​​640,000 m2. Its surface is covered with a thin white layer of minerals. Next door is the Shoorabil Recreation Complex.

Ardabil is known for its silk and carpet trade tradition. Ardabil rugs are renowned and the ancient Ardabil Carpets are considered some of the best of the classical Persian carpet creations. Ardabil is also known as the seat of a World Heritage Site: the Ardabil Shrine, the sanctuary and tomb of Shaikh Safî ad-Dîn, eponymous founder of the Safavid dynasty.

Culture

The origin of the city of Ardabil goes back to 4 to 6000 years. It was the capital of the province of Azerbaijan at different times, but its golden age was located during the Safavid period.

The mausoleum of Sheikh Safi al-Din, classified by UNESCO, is backed by a Khânegâh, place of Sufi retreat. It is a rare example of medieval Islamic architecture10. Other significant historical monuments are the mausoleum of Sheik Jebra'il, located 2 km north of Ardabil, the city bazaar, Babadavood anbaran, Ardabil Friday Mosque and ancient bridges scattered throughout the province. Many traces of historical monuments (tombs and others) in the villages surrounding Ardabil have been found. The carpets of Ardabil form an exceptional work made at the beginning of the Safavid dynasty in 1539, being among the largest, most beautiful and most significant Islamic carpets historically in the world. One of the two rugs is on display at the Victoria and Albert Museum and the other at the Los Angeles County Art Museum.

Climate

Many tourists come to the region for its cool climate (max 35 °C) during the hot summer months. The winters are bitterly cold, with temperatures plummeting to −25 °C.

Its famous natural region is the Sabalan mountains. The province is considered the coldest province in Iran. Large parts of the province are green and forested.

Language

The primary language of Ardebil province is Azerbaijani, a branch of Turkic.Other languages in Ardabil include Tati and Talysh.